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Flashcards in Intro to Path and Pathophys Deck (20):
1

Pathophysiology

study of the disruption of normal bodily function (homeostasis) due to disease or physiology of abnormal function

2

Pathology

study of structural or morphological abnormalities which are expressed as diseases of cells, tissues, organs and whole systems

3

Disease

an impairment of cells, tissues, organs, or body system functions of the body, which poses challenge to body homeostasis

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Body homeostasis

dynamic steady state marked by appropriate regulatory responses by the body...aka Health!

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Etiology

cause of a disease or disorder (genetic, acquired, or infectious, etc).

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Idiopathic cause

- unidentifiable cause
- "idiots for not knowing"

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Iatrogenic cause

result of medical treatment

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Nosocomial diseases

hospital-acquired infectious disorder

9

Congenital Berry Aneurysm

- congenital disorder at the bifurcation of the Circle of Willis
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage causes headaches and photophobia

10

Acute disease

- severe disorder, quick onset, self-limiting w/signs and sxs
- i.e. acute MI

11

Chronic disease

- long-term, continuous disease process characterized by exacerbations and remissions
- usually not curable
- i.e. chronic ulcerative colitis

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Subacute disease

somewhere between acute and chronic timeframes

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Carrier state

- pt harbors an organism, NO signs or sxs but can transmit the disease
- i.e. "Typhoid Mary"

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Syndrome

group of clinical sxs and physical features that characterize a particular disorder

15

Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21)

- protruding/big wrinkled tongue, Brushfield spots & Epicanthal fold (facial features), congenital heart disease, Simian crease (hands), wide gap between 1st and 2nd toes

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Cushing Syndrome

- increase in ACTH
- Buffalo hump, red/round face, abdominal striae, problems w/ glucose and HTN

17

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

- ethanol in pregnancy
- "railroad track" ears, upturned nose, smooth philtrum, thin upper lip

18

Turner's Syndrome

- XO karyotype
- webbing of the neck, *coarctation of the aorta, short stature, widely spaced nipples

19

Klinefelter's Syndrome

- XXY karyotype
- gynecomastia, testicular atrophy and infertility, lack of body hair, long extremities

20

Toxic Shock Syndrome

- due to Staph aureus from long indwelling tampons