Flashcards in Intro to Path and Pathophys Deck (20):
study of the disruption of normal bodily function (homeostasis) due to disease or physiology of abnormal function
study of structural or morphological abnormalities which are expressed as diseases of cells, tissues, organs and whole systems
an impairment of cells, tissues, organs, or body system functions of the body, which poses challenge to body homeostasis
dynamic steady state marked by appropriate regulatory responses by the body...aka Health!
cause of a disease or disorder (genetic, acquired, or infectious, etc).
- unidentifiable cause
- "idiots for not knowing"
result of medical treatment
hospital-acquired infectious disorder
Congenital Berry Aneurysm
- congenital disorder at the bifurcation of the Circle of Willis
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage causes headaches and photophobia
- severe disorder, quick onset, self-limiting w/signs and sxs
- i.e. acute MI
- long-term, continuous disease process characterized by exacerbations and remissions
- usually not curable
- i.e. chronic ulcerative colitis
somewhere between acute and chronic timeframes
- pt harbors an organism, NO signs or sxs but can transmit the disease
- i.e. "Typhoid Mary"
group of clinical sxs and physical features that characterize a particular disorder
Down Syndrome (Trisomy 21)
- protruding/big wrinkled tongue, Brushfield spots & Epicanthal fold (facial features), congenital heart disease, Simian crease (hands), wide gap between 1st and 2nd toes
- increase in ACTH
- Buffalo hump, red/round face, abdominal striae, problems w/ glucose and HTN
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
- ethanol in pregnancy
- "railroad track" ears, upturned nose, smooth philtrum, thin upper lip
- XO karyotype
- webbing of the neck, *coarctation of the aorta, short stature, widely spaced nipples
- XXY karyotype
- gynecomastia, testicular atrophy and infertility, lack of body hair, long extremities