Flashcards in Intro to Physical Exam and Instruments Deck (14):
What are the six positions of examination?
Sitting, standing, supine (face up), prone (face down), right lateral recumbent and left lateral recumbent
Using stethoscope to ID sounds of various body structures: lungs, heart, arteries, gastric contents
Tap with 3rd finger over last joint while pads of finger are in contact with surface. Used to ID fluid, air or solid based on sound.
Tenants of Osteopathic Structural Exam
Body is unit. Body is able to self-regulate. Structure/function are reciprocally related. Therapy is based on body unity, self regulation and relationship between structure and function.
Ophthalmoscope is used to:
visualize inner aspect of eye. Be sure to ID red reflex.
Snellen Chart is used to:
Test visual acuity. 20/20 is normal.
Otoscope is used to:
Look in ears.
Oropharynx examination is looking at:
back of mouth
Tuning fork is used in two ways:
hearing evaluation and vibratory sense
Reflex Hammer used for:
Deep tendon reflex.
Locations of upper extremity deep tendon reflexes:
Biceps (strike your thumb), triceps (triceps ligament), brachioradialis (ligament)
Locations of lower extremity deep tendon reflexes:
Patellar reflex and achilles reflex (tendons of both)
Sphygmomanometer used to:
check blood pressure, placed over brachial artery