Intro to Physical Exam and Instruments Flashcards Preview

PCM Exam 1 > Intro to Physical Exam and Instruments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to Physical Exam and Instruments Deck (14):
1

What are the six positions of examination?

Sitting, standing, supine (face up), prone (face down), right lateral recumbent and left lateral recumbent

2

Auscultation means:

Using stethoscope to ID sounds of various body structures: lungs, heart, arteries, gastric contents

3

Percussion means:

Tap with 3rd finger over last joint while pads of finger are in contact with surface. Used to ID fluid, air or solid based on sound.

4

Tenants of Osteopathic Structural Exam

Body is unit. Body is able to self-regulate. Structure/function are reciprocally related. Therapy is based on body unity, self regulation and relationship between structure and function.

5

Ophthalmoscope is used to:

visualize inner aspect of eye. Be sure to ID red reflex.

6

Snellen Chart is used to:

Test visual acuity. 20/20 is normal.

7

Otoscope is used to:

Look in ears.

8

Oropharynx examination is looking at:

back of mouth

9

Tuning fork is used in two ways:

hearing evaluation and vibratory sense

10

Reflex Hammer used for:

Deep tendon reflex.

11

Locations of upper extremity deep tendon reflexes:

Biceps (strike your thumb), triceps (triceps ligament), brachioradialis (ligament)

12

Locations of lower extremity deep tendon reflexes:

Patellar reflex and achilles reflex (tendons of both)

13

Sphygmomanometer used to:

check blood pressure, placed over brachial artery

14

Principle of blood pressure test:

air in bladder compresses brachial artery, stopping flow. As cuff deflates, circulation starts moving again. First sound is systolic. When sound stops is diastole.