Postures and Planes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Postures and Planes Deck (16):
1

Sagittal

Divides body into left and right

2

Coronal

Divides body into anterior and posterior

3

Transverse

Divides body into upper and lower

4

A-P axis

perpendicular to coronal place

5

Transverse axis

perpendicular to the sagittal plane

6

Longitudinal axis

perpendicular to the transverse plane

7

Postural compensation

Occurs in all three planes of body motion in order to keep body balanced and eyes level.

8

Postural decompensation

distribution of body mass away from ideal when postural homeostatic mechanisms are overwhelmed. Results in failure of body to align

9

Coronal decompensation results in:

scoliosis

10

Transverse decompensation results in:

rotation decompensation

11

Sagittal decompensation results in:

kyphosis/lordosis

12

Normal AP curve of thoracic spine is:

kyphosis, concave anteriorly and convex posteriorly

13

Normal AP curve of lumbar and cervical spine is:

Lordosis; convex anteriorly

14

Funnel chest, depressed lower sternum, compression of internal structures:

Pectus excavatum

15

PIgeon chest, abnormal prominence of sternum anteriorly

Pectus carinatum

16

Increased erythema may indicate:

Infection, inflammation, somatic dysfunction