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The MIAO organization characteristics

Fixed times - Anytime
Structured - Flexible
Collocated - Networked
Fixed - Mobile

1

Management definition

The activity that performs functions for the effective acquisition, allocation and utilization of human efforts and physical resources to accomplish a goal

2

Organization definition

Arranged framework that relates people, things, knowledge and technologies in a design intended to achieve specific goals

3

Origin and reason of organization

Scarce resources and hostility
People have economic, social, political needs
People form economic, social, political organizations
Management facilitates the satisfaction of those needs

4

Industrialization (Workshops to companies)

Workshops: family influence, direct control, small, direct liability

New companies: alien people, employees, suppliers, hierarchy, need for coordination, control, communication, planning, limited liability

5

Views of theory and practice

3 views:
1 Theory and practice are isolated
2 Theory guides practice
3 Theory is build on practice and Practice uses the theory (cycle)

6

What is Science?

Systematic organization of knowledge and its purpose.

7

Characteristics of Positivism (or Modern perspective)

Realism, objectively
Verify/falsify the truth
Based on facts (quantitative)
Linear

8

The Organization according to the positivism paradigm.

Is objective, a real entity.
A system of decision and action (Inputs-Outputs)
Driven by rationality, efficiency and effectiveness to achieve goals.

9

Characteristics of Interpretivism (or Symbolic perspective)

Subjective reality
Truth is constructed by context
Bias by the observer
Qualitative
Circular

10

The Organization according to the Interpretivism paradigm.

Organizations are contexts re-constructed by interactions.
Socially constructed realities.
Web of meanings -> Bonds of emotion -> Symbolic connection of members

11

What is convergent thinking?

Finding a best solution (A or B)

12

What is divergent thinking?

Finding unique solutions that could fit in different scenarios.

13

What is a Metaphor? (characteristics)

A figure of speech, to compare 2 unlike entities.
Attempt to understand one element in terms of another.
It is one-sided (many aspects are excluded).
Involves simplification.
Creates distortion.

14

Main takeways from "The McUniversity" reading

* Transition from "medieval oxBridge" to new HEI
* Mass provision of HE
* Overall "McDonaldization"
* Political and institutional changes increased the power of universities' management
* More competition for fundings
* Management through bureaucracy, accountability
* A new view of Professional Academics (less autonomy, as educational consultants)
* Funding conditioned to economic relevance for national performance

15

The term: "McDonaldization" refers to:

Achievement of objectives through: efficiency, calculability, standardization and control.

16

List the 4 main organizational metaphors
(the ones covered in the lecture):

Organizations as:
Machines
Social spaces
Culture
Political arenas