Introduction Flashcards Preview

Food Production Animal > Introduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction Deck (38):
1

Bovine

Cows

2

Ovine

Sheep

3

Porcine

Pig

4

Camelid

Alpacas/Llamas

5

Make of any age

Bull

6

Father of a calf.

Sire

7

Castrated male bovine

Steer

8

Bovine birth to a year old, any sex.

Calf

9

Mother of a calf

Dam

10

Mature female bovine

Cow

11

Cow that's not lactating, typically pregnant, and due to birth in 60 days.

Dry cow

12

A cow or heifer within 30 days of calving.

Springer

13

1st lactation after first calf.

First calf heifer

14

Female under 2 years old.

Heifer (or not have had a baby)

15

A sterile heifer or a fraternal twin to a bull calf.

Free Martin

16

Usually a bull of freemartin calves raised on milk and slaughtered at 5 months of age.

Veal calf

17

Calves slaughtered within a few days of birth.

Bob veal

18

Giving birth-act of giving birth.

Freshen

19

Cast her withers.

Wisconsin slang from prolapsed uterus

20

Animal mated and is pregnant.

Bred

21

Genetically similar animals in color and conformation.

Breed

22

Member of the genus Bos.

Cattle

23

Whole corn and stalk chopped and processed then Fermented for 45 days.

Corn silage

24

Alfalfa and grass chopped and processed then fermented for at least 2 weeks.

Haylage

25

Grains and cereals providing energy, protein, amino acids..etc

Concentrate

26

TMR

Total mixed ration - complete diet for specific animal needs combining corn silage, haylage, and concentration.

27

How big is a newborn calf?

70-100#

28

How soon should a newborn calf have colostrum?

Within 2 hours

29

How long as calves mono gastric?

3-4 weeks

30

When to calves start on grain?

3 days of age

31

What stops calves from getting milk into the non functioning rumen?

Esophageal groove

32

What kick starts rumen function?

Ingestion of small amounts of grain

33

Calves should double weight at ____ days.

60

34

TMZ of a calf.

55-75 degrees

35

When do full grown cows overheat?

70-75 degrees

36

Gestation of cattle?

283 days/9 months

37

Two types of barns.

Parlor/Stanchion

38

Five areas of industry you can work in?

Genetics, reproduction, nutrition, disease prevention and public health