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Gross Anatomy II > Introduction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Introduction Deck (26):
1

What is the study of the structural organization of the body?

Anatomy

2

What is the study of the structural organization of the body that is visible to the naked eye?

Gross Anatomy

3

What are the Greek words meaning "to cut up"?

Ana Tome

4

What are the Latin words meaning "to cut asunder", from which our term "dissection" derives?

Dis Secare

5

In what position is a person standing in the erect position with the head, eyes, and toes facing forward, the heels and toes together, and the arms hanging at the sides with the palms facing forward?

Anatomical Position

6

What position is a person in when the body lies face downward?

Prone

7

What position is a person in when the body lies face upward?

Supine

8

What plane of the body is a vertical plane which passes through the midline of the body, dividing it into symmetrical right and left halves?

Median Plane

9

What plane of the body is any vertical plane which passes through the body, either within or parallel to the median plane?

Sagittal Plane

10

What term is synonymous with median plane?

Midsagittal Plane

11

What plane of the body is any vertical plane which passes through the body parallel to but not within the median plane?

Parasagittal Plane

12

What plane of the body is any vertical plane which passes through the body at right angles to the median plane, dividing the body into anterior and posterior parts?

Coronal (Frontal) Plane

13

What plane of the body is any plane which passes through the body, at right angles to both the median and coronal planes, dividing the body into upper and lower parts?

Horizontal (Transverse) Plane

14

What directional term refers to toward the head (higher)?

Superior (Cranial)

15

What directional term refers to toward the tail (lower)?

Inferior (Caudal)

16

What directional term refers to nearer the trunk?

Proximal

17

What directional term refers to further from the trunk?

Distal

18

What directional term refers to nearer to the front of the body?

Anterior (Ventral)

19

What directional term refers to nearer to the back of the body?

Posterior (Dorsal)

20

What directional term refers to toward the median plane?

Medial

21

What directional term refers to away from the median plane?

Lateral

22

What directional term refers to nearer the surface of the body?

Superficial (External)

23

What directional term refers to nearer the interior of the body?

Deep (Internal)

24

In this class which two directional terms are used to refer to membranes?

Parietal and Visceral

25

What directional term refers to the lining of a cavity?

Parietal

26

What directional term refers to the covering of an organ?

Visceral