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Introduction to English Linguistics > Introduction > Flashcards

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1

What is linguistics?

the scientific study of language

2

linguistics is descriptive or prescriptive?

descriptive ( it describes language structures and usage )

3

field of linguistics

1) Phonetics
2) Phonology
3) Morphology
4) Syntax
5) Semantics
6) Pragmatics
7) Sociolinguistics
8) Psycholinguistics
9) Applied Linguistics

4

What is phonetics?

How sounds are produced.

5

What is Phonology?

The patterns of sounds.

6

Morphology

Word structure.

7

Syntax

the structure of sentences.

8

Semantics

meaning of words and sentences.

9

Pragmatics

meaning in context

10

Sociolinguistics

Language and Society

11

Psycholinguistics

Language and the brain.

12

Applied Linguistics

Language teaching.

13

Features of human language

1) Displacement
2) Arbitrariness
3) Productivity
4) Cultural transmission
5) Discreteness
6) Duality

14

Word Classes are...

NOUN, VERB, ADJECTIVE, ADVERB

15

how to identify word classes?

1) Identification frames
2) Criteria

16

Identification frames (1)

Noun: (The) ........ may be good.

17

Identification Frames (2)

Verb: We can usually ........ (it).

18

Identification frames (3)

Adjective: This thing is very ........

19

Identification frames (4)

We can do it ..........

20

Criteria for Word Classes (1)

Notional : meaning

21

Criteria for Word Classes (2)

Morphological: Suffixes

22

Distributional (3)

What precedes it