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Flashcards in Investigation Of The Respiratory System Deck (5):
1

What is the advantage of bronchoscopy over other imaging methods used to investigate the respiratory system?

A biopsy can be taken simultaneously to looking at the airways

2

What are the arterial blood gas results for type I respiratory failure?

Low oxygen less than 8kPa

3

What is type I respiratory failure caused by?

Factors which affect gas exchange such as pneumonia, cardiac failure or pulmonary embolism

4

What are the arterial blood gas results of type II respiratory failure?

Low oxygen less than 8kPa
High carbon dioxide over 6kPa

5

What causes type II respiratory failure?

Type II respiratory failure can be the end stage of type I failure or could be due to a problem with the nerves which control breathing for example because of neuromuscular weakness, severe fatigue or opiate overdose