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Flashcards in Islam 2 Deck (65):
1

Adalat

Justice in Shia’s Islam

2

Adhan

The call to pray 5 times a day

3

Akhirah

Belief in life after death

4

Al-Kiswah

The black cloth that covers the Ka’aba in Makkah

5

All compassionate

All loving, benevolent, ever forgiving, not vindictive

6

Al-Qadr

Predestination of the will of Allah; belief that Allah has decreed everything that will happen to the universe

7

Air-bill-maroof

Commanding what is just

8

Beneficence

Act of charity or kindness to do good to others

9

Caliph

A successor of Muhammad as the spiritual leader of Islam

10

Hadith

The teachings of Muhammad

11

Hafiz

A person who has memorised the Quar’an by heart

12

Hajj

Pilgrimage to Makkah, 5th pillar of Islam

13

Haram

Forbidden for Muslims

14

Hijab

Headscarf worm by some Muslim women

15

Hijrah

Muhammad’s escape journey from Makkah to Madinah

16

Ihram

The white clothing worn by pilgrims on Hajj in Makkah

17

Imamate

Leadership

18

Immanence

The belief that Allah is closer to us than our heartbeat and is involved in the world

19

Jihad

The greater or lesser striving for the way of Allah

20

Jumu’ah

Friday prayers where the Khutbah is read

21

Justice

Fairness in society, the right thing to do

22

Khums

Tax in Shi’a Islam

23

Khutbah

The name for the sermon in Fridays Mosques

24

Khatib

Person who delivers the sermon on Friday, usually the imam

25

Madinah

Holy city in Saudi Arabia, where Muhammad set up the first Muslim community, where Muhammad is buried

26

Makkah

Holy city in Islam in Saudi Arabia with the great mosque housing the Ka’aba

27

Makruh

A detestable act

28

Merciful

To show forgiveness and compassion to those who do wrong

29

Mihrab

Indented archway in the mosque showing the direction of the Ka’aba

30

Minbar

Raised platform used by the imam to deliver Fridays sermon

31

Minaret

Tower on the outside of the mosque used for the call to prayer

32

Mu’addhin

The caller to prayer

33

Mubah

An action that is neither forbidden nor recommended

34

Mustahab

Favoured or recommended actions

35

Nahi Anil Munkar

Forbidding what is evil

36

Night of power

The night. Muhammad received the first revelations of the Qur’an

37

Omnipotence

The belief that Allah is all powerful

38

Predestination

The idea that everything that happens has already been decided by Allah

39

Psalms

The books written by David (Zabur)

40

Qiblah

The direction of Makkah

41

Qurbani

The sacrifice of animals during Eid-ul-Adha

42

Rak’ah

A sequence of prayers containing actions and recitations

43

Ramadan

The holy month of fasting, 29/30 days

44

Risalah

Communication between man and Allah in the form of books, angels and prophets

45

Salah

Compulsory prayer 5 times a day, 2nd pillar of Islam

46

Sawm

Pillar of fasting

47

Seal of the prophets

Muhammad, the last prophet chosen by Allah and given the Qur’an

48

Shahadah

Declaration of faith, to believe in one God and Muhammad as the prophet of Allah

49

Shari’ah law

Legal system which comes from the religious rules of Islam

50

Shi’a

A Muslim who adheres to the Shi’a branch of Islam, followed by about a tenth of all Muslims

51

Sunnah

The way of life of Muhammad as an example to follow

52

Sunni

Muslims who follow the Sunnah, the way of the prophet

53

Surah

Name for chapters in the Qur’an

54

Tabarra

Expressing hatred towards evil

55

Tawalla

Expressing love towards good

56

Tawhid

The belief in the oneness of Allah and the unity of his being

57

Transcendence

Allah is outside the world, beyond everything and outside time

58

Topi

Prayer hat worm by Muslim men

59

Torah

The revelations given to Musa (Tawrat)

60

Twelver Shi’a

Part of the Shi’a sect of Islam who believe the twelve Imams as leaders

61

Ummah

The brotherhood/community of Islam

62

Usul ad-Din

The foundations of faith in Shi’a Islam

63

Wajib

Something that is an obligatory duty for a Muslim

64

Wuzu

The symbolic washing and purification of the mind and body before Salah

65

Zakah

Almsgiving to the poor which benefits the Muslim community