Islam Flashcards Preview

S.S. > Islam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Islam Deck (25)
Loading flashcards...
0

Groups of people who share an ancestor

Clan

1

Journey to a sacred place or shrine

Pilgrimage

2

Monotheistic religion based upon submissions to gods will and teachings of the Quran , the Muslim holy book

Islam

3

Followers of Islam

Muslims

4

Move of Muhammad and his followers of Mecca to Yathrib in 622

Hijrah

5

Muslim holy book

Qur'an

6

Teachings and practices of Muhammad used as guides for living

Sunnah

7

Muslim house of worship

Mosque

8

fertile area in desert

Oasis

9

Receiving little or no rainfall,dry

Arid

10

Arabic word for God

Allah

11

Head of Muslim community

Caliph

12

Dynasty that ruled the Muslim empire from empire from 661-750

Umayyads

13

The members of a the branch of Islam that accepted the caliphs as successors of Muhammad and did not resist the Umayyads

Sunnis

14

Branch of Islam that resisted the rule of the Umayyads

Shi'a

15

Southwestern tip of Europe ; present location of Spain and Portugal

Iberian peninsula

16

Caliph in the 600s who imposed a common language in Muslim lands

Abd al-Malik

17

Group that took control of the Muslim empire from the Umayyads in 750

Abbasids

18

Fighting force maintained even in times of peace

Standing army

19

Capital of the Abbasid empire; capital of present day Iraq

Baghdad

20

Period during which society attains prosperity and cultural achievements

Golden age

21

Art of fine handwriting

Calligraphy

22

Master of poetic form called the quatrain, popular in Persia

Omar khayyam

23

Muslim Spain

Al-Andalus

24

Capital of Muslim Spain

Córdoba