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Flashcards in Islam Deck (38)
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1

Allah

One God (The Absolute)

2

Muhammad

A voice called to him (Gabriel), began to teach that Allah was the one and only God.

3

Islam

"Submission to the will of God"

4

Muslim

"One who has submitted"

5

Hijrah

The migration of Muhammad (leaving Mecca to Yathrib (AKA Medina))

6

Umma

Muslim religious community

7

Qur'an

The holy book of the Muslims

8

What are the five pillars of Islam?

Shahada, salat, zakat, sawm, Hajj

9

Shahada

Witness- there is no God but Allah

10

Rasul

Messenger- Muhammad

11

Salat

Five periods of prayer per day

12

Sawm

Fasting during the month of Ramadan

13

Zakat

Tax to the needy

14

Hajj

Pilgrimage to Mecca

15

Where are we going?

Paradise or Hell- places of physical reward or punishment.

16

Raj'as

Postures and recitations

17

Muezzin

Call everyone to prayer

18

Sadaqa

Charity (Alms)

19

Sunna

Muhammad's word and practice

20

Caliph

Successor

21

Shi'a

The partisans of 'Ali

22

Sunni

Traditionalists who accept the outcome that left Mu'awiyah the next leader

23

Ummah

The Muslim community

24

Iblis

The personification of evil

25

Janna

Paradise

26

Yawm-al-din

Judgement day

27

Jahna

Hell

28

Ka'aba

A city in Mecca where religious pilgrims worshiped at an ancient shrine. Over the years they introduced the worship of many gods and spirits here (360+ idols)

29

Iman

Faith in Allah

30

Imam

Religious leader

31

Tawhid

(Unity of god) oneness of Allah
-expression of a strict monotheistic view of Allah

32

Shirk

Polytheism and idol worship

33

Risalah

The message that came upon Muhammad from Allah

34

Ibadah

Worship
-five pillars of Islam
~Shahada
~Salat
~Zakat
~Sawm
~Hajj

35

Hijab

Head scarf

36

Sunna

Written tradition of Muhammad

37

Hadith

Saying of Muhammad or a report of something he did

38

Masjid

Mosque