Hinduism Flashcards Preview

IB World Religions > Hinduism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hinduism Deck (23)
Loading flashcards...
1

Oldest part of the shruti

Vedas

2

Best known part of the Vedas

Rig-Veda

3

Part of the Vedas that includes hymns and chants (used my priests)

Sama-Veda

4

Part of the Veda that includes litanies, prayers, and prose dedications- devotions

Yajur-Veda

5

Part of the Vega that reflects concerns and negative emotions (charms and spells for ordinary people)

Atharua-Veda

6

"What which has been remembered"

Smriti

7

The fire used in sacrifice

Agni

8

-most important dirty of the hymns
-slays demons and hateful forces
-God of storms and monsoons
-weapon is the Lightning bolt

Indra

9

Dirty of an intoxicating plant

Soma

10

God of the sky

Varuna

11

Principle force of the universe, protector of truth, orders all things and prevents chaos

Rita

12

-personifies an agreement or contract
-closely allied with Varuna

Mitra

13

God of mountain storms, planes

Rudra

14

The sun

Savitar, Surya

15

Priest

Brahmin

16

Commentaries that guide priests in their sacrifices

What is the significance?

Brahmanas

-gives us insight Into the theology of the Vedic period
-gives us better understanding of how priests gained increased status in society

17

The sacraments or rites by which a Hindu is fully integrated into the community
-birth of child
-naming

Samskaras

18

Sacrament which initiated a boy as a twice-born person (responsible for his actions in religion)

Upanayana

19

A sacred thread given at the upanayana sacrament. Must be worn at all times if he would remain in his caste

Janëu

20

Marriage. Symbolizes entry into the second stage (ashram)

Vivaha

21

Funerals. Most Hindus are cremated. Eldest son performs the rites.

Antyesti

22

Festival in which all castes become as Shudras- castes are temporary everyone has the same spiritual unity

Holi

23

Hindu sacred writings

Shruti