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Flashcards in Islam: Belief In Allah Deck (59):
1

Adalat

Allah is just

2

Beneficence

Allah is actively good and kind

3

Benevolence

Allah is all loving

4

Immanence

Allah is active and part of this world

5

Omnipotence

Allah is all powerful

6

Tawhid

The oneness of God

7

Transcendence

Allah is beyond this world

8

Merciful

Allah is compassionate

9

Omniscience

Allah is all knowing

10

Malaikah

Islamic belief in angels

11

Risalah

Prophet or messenger of Islam

12

Sunni Islam

Democratic succession

13

Shi'ah Islam

Inherited succession

14

What are the 6 beliefs in Sunni Islam?

1) Tawhid
2) Risalah
3) Qur'an
4) Malaikah
5) Allah's decrees
6) Final Judgement

15

What are the 5 pillars of Islam?

1) SHAHADAH, declaration of faith
2) SALAT, prayer
3) ZAKAT, 2.5% income to charity
4) SAWM, Ramadan
5) HAJJ, pilgrimage to Mecca

16

Summarisation of Tawhid

-Allah is one without partners
-He caused all things to exist
-He doesn't need help or assistance in his Lordship over creation
-"He is Allah, the one and only”

17

Summarisation of Risalah

-Lawgivers sent by God to spread His message in a language people can understand
-Many Jewish and Christian prophets and revelations delivered are mentioned in the Quran as the same but usually with Arabic names

18

Summarisation of Quran

-Guides them on how they should behave in life
-Sacred word of Allah, intended to correct any errors in previous holy books (e.g. Bible, Old Test.)
-Revealed in stages to PM in Arabic over 23 years
-Made of 114 chapters in old Arabic dialect with each chapter starting with a prayer except one

19

Summarisation of Malaikah

-No free will, only does what Allah orders
-Malaikah perform important roles in maintaining Muslim lives

20

Summarisation of Allah's decrees

-Belief in law of nature AND law of religion (shariah)
-Certain actions lead to good results or evil consequences
-All things should work to live to achieve good results and be rewarded in the afterlife

21

Summarisation of Final Judgement

-Present life is a trial/preparation for the next realm of existence in the afterlife
-Those who die believing that, "There is no true God but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of God" will go to Paradise

22

What are the Ten Obligatory Acts of Shi'ah Islam?

-All pillars of Islam except for SHAHADAH
-Khums (20% savings to Imam)
-Jihad (struggle in the way of Allah)
-Amr-bil Maroof (celebrating what's right)
-Nahi Anil Munkar (forbidding what's wrong)
Tawalla (expressing love for Allah)
-Tabarra (expressing hatred towards evil)

23

What are the Five Roots of Usul ad-Din? (Shi'a Islam)

1) Mi'ad (Day of Judgment)
2) Imamah (successors to PM)
3) Tawhid (the oneness and unity of God)
4) Mubuwwah (prophethood)
5) 'Adl (Divine Justice)

24

Definition of Mi'ad (Day of Judgment/Resurrection)

There will be a day of judgement where all will be judged according to their actions and this will determine who enters heaven and who will go to hell

25

Definition of Imamah (Successors to Muhammad)

The PM was commanded by God to appoint 12 successors/Imams after him. The Imams are infallible, like the prophet, so do not make errors

26

Definition of Tawhid (Oneness and Unity of God)

The belief that God is the Creator of the universe; He is one and does not have partners

27

Definition of Mubuwwah (Prophethood)

God sent messengers and prophets to guide humankind to the right path and that the last prophet sent to mankind was PM

28

Definition of 'Adl (Divine Justice)

The belief that God does not oppress anybody and is just

29

Jibril

-The most important messenger angel, who Allah used to communicate with the prophets
-Delivered the whole Quran to PM over a period of 23 years
-Called the 'Trustworthy Spirit'

30

Izra'il

-Referred to as the angel of death in the Quran, not by name
-Responsible for taking the soul of every person and returning it to Allah

31

Mika'il

-Oversees the provision and maintenance of life
-Placed in charge of the plants and rain
-Muslim scholars interpret his role to be to provide food for the body and soul

32

Munkar and Nakir

They question the newly dead on their lives and beliefs

33

Adem

-He was the first man
-Allah created him from clay that was poured then dried in the shape of Adem

34

Ibrihim

-The second prophet
-Tried to kill his son when Allah told him to in order to test his faith but at the last moment Allah stopped him
-God commended him for his faith

35

Isma'il

-One of Ibrihim's sons and also a prophet
-When he found out that his father was to sacrifice him for Allah, he didn't hesitate to offer his life
-Always trust and put Allah first and always be prepared to offer themselves for the sacrifice of faith

36

Musa

-Main prophet of Islam, appointed by Allah to free the enslaved Israelis
-Was given the scripture and the ability to teach right and wrong
-Persevering in the face of suffering will be praised by Allah, God overcomes evil

37

Dawud

-One of the messengers of the Bam Isra'il
-Victory against the oppressive Jalut (Goliath), and was then made King of the Israelites
-Allah gives honour to his chosen ones, blessed with both worldy and spiritual honour

38

Isa

-One of the most honoured prophets of Allah
-Isa's many miracles and his birth and the Injil revealed to him was mentioned in the Quran
-Muslims follow Isa's example and worship God

39

Muhammad

-Seal of Prophets
-Taught Quran over 23 years
-Important part of sharing the Quran with others

40

Sahifah (Scrolls)

Tells Muslims that they only earn what they work for, and their final goal should always be Allah, as no one is as powerful as Him

41

Tawrat (Torah)

Contains many good teachings and laws given to Musa, but only for Jews and for a limited time. Also believed to include a prophecy about the future appearance of PM

42

Zabur (Psalms)

Made up of songs, prayers and poems which Muslims believe were inspired by Allah

43

Injil (Gospel)

A valuable collection of revelations which teach morals such as mercy and love

44

Akhirah

Muslim belief in an afterlife

45

Jannah

If you follow Allah's teachings you will go to heaven or paradise after death

46

Jahannum

If you do not follow Allah's teachings you will go to hell after death

47

Judgement

On the Day of Judgement people will be judged by Allah. The angels have recorded every action you have done on earth and this will be used to decide your faith

48

Al-Qadr

Predestination or fate in Islam

49

Human freedom

Suggests that Muslims have some freedom as humans to change their fate

50

Al-Qadiriyyah

Humans have no control over their actions; everything is dictated by Allah. The outcomes of Judgment Day are already decided

51

Al-Jabiriyah

Humans have control over their destiny, and on the Day of Judgment Allah will look at your actions and from this decide where you spend eternity

52

Omnipotence quote

“He has power over everything”

53

Benevolence/Beneficence quote

“Allah loveth those who do good”

54

Tawhid quote

“He is Allah, the one and only”

55

Adalat quote

“Allah has commanded us to be just”

56

Risalah/Following Allah's teachings quote

“And when his God tested Abraham with various commands, and he proved true to each one”

57

Transcendence/Immanence quote

“It is He who created the night and the day”

58

Day of Judgment, Akhira, Adalat quote

'Everyone will be tried according to his level of faith'

59

Al-Qadr quote from Quran

"He is the all-knowing Creator: when He wills something to be, His way is to say, 'Be'-and it is!