Flashcards in Islam - keywords Deck (48):
The oneness of Allah
What is a rasul?
Belief in life after death
Belief in the Six Articles of Faith within the Sunni tradition
What is Usul ad-Din?
Principles of faith in Shi'a Islam
Successor to Muhammad
Successor to Muhammad (only in Shi'a Islam)
What is occultation?
The Shi'a belief that the twelfth Imam is living, but hidden, waiting to reappear at Allah's appointed time. When he reappears he will come as a messiah to bring justice, peace and co-existence at the end of the world
The belief that all events have been willed by Allah
Prophethood. It is the means of communication between Allah and mankind through prophets, as well as books and angels.
Someone who acts for Allah on Earth. Adam was believed to be Allah's khalifa
What is Iblis?
The Islamic equivalent for Satan
What is al-Jannah?
What is Jahannam?
What is a hanif?
A believer in one god. Ibrahim was the first hanif
What is Laylat ul-Qadr?
Also known as the Night of Power, this was when the first part of the Qur'an was revealed to Allah by Jibril.
What is Lailat ul Miraj?
Also known as the Night Journey, this is when Muhammad is believed to have been taken to Jerusalem and his heart removed and purified from idolatry and doubt (instead being filled with wisdom). He is also believed to have spoken to previous prophets, e.g. Isa. During this journey, Musa and Muhammad discussed how often a Muslim soul pray (and they came to the conclusion of five times a day).
Allah's foreknowledge of all things
The period of waiting between death and the Day of Judgement.
Being killed in the struggle for, or defence of, your faith.
What are the Five Pillars of Islam?
(i.e. define, don't give the names of the pillars)
The basic duties that all Muslims must perform
What is Shahadah?
Declaration of faith
What is Salah?
Prayer five times a day
What is Zakah?
The giving of money (especially to charity)
What is Sawm?
Fasting during the month of Ramadan
What is Hajj?
The obligatory pilgrimage to Mecca at least once during one's lifetime
What is a minaret?
A tower of a mosque
What is an adhan?
Call to prayer
What is the muezzin?
The person who gives the adhan
What is the iqmah?
The second call to prayer in a mosque, letting worshippers know prayer is about to begin.
What is niyyah?
A Muslim's intention to worship Allah with a pure heart. Symbolised by wudu.
What is wudu?
The symbolic washing before prayer
What is a rak'ah?
A complete sequence of prayer
Unity of Muslims
What is Jummah prayer?
Congregational prayer, which is seen to have more social and spiritual benefit.
What is Du'a prayer?
A private prayer in which Muslims bring their concerns to Allah.
The minimum net worth of an individual required to pay zakah
Other than the Islamic obligation, what does zakah actually mean?
Purification. Zakah is believed to clear a believer's heart from greed
What is sadaqah?
Further voluntary donations, other than zakah. This is considered to be charitable. There are no limits or guidelines for this.
What are khums?
One of the ten obligatory acts for Shi'ites. An Islamic tax of 20% of a person's excess earnings.
What is Id-ul-Fitr?
The Festival of Fast Breaking
What is a Khutbah?
A sermon delivered by an Imam, during Id-ul-Fitr
What is Id-ul-Adha?
The Festival of Sacrifice (commemorating the story of Ibrahim and Isma'il). Those who can afford to are required to offer an animal for sacrifice
What is the bismillah?
A blessing said over an animal that is being sacrificed during Id-ul-Adha - "In the name of Allah the merciful, the compassionate"