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Flashcards in Islam - keywords Deck (48):
1

Define Tawhid

The oneness of Allah

2

What is a rasul?

A prophet

3

Define Akhirah

Belief in life after death

4

Define Iman

Belief in the Six Articles of Faith within the Sunni tradition

5

What is Usul ad-Din?

Principles of faith in Shi'a Islam

6

Define Caliph

Successor to Muhammad

7

Define Imam

Successor to Muhammad (only in Shi'a Islam)

8

Define infallible

Without error

9

What is occultation?

The Shi'a belief that the twelfth Imam is living, but hidden, waiting to reappear at Allah's appointed time. When he reappears he will come as a messiah to bring justice, peace and co-existence at the end of the world

10

Define predestination

The belief that all events have been willed by Allah

11

Define risalah

Prophethood. It is the means of communication between Allah and mankind through prophets, as well as books and angels.

12

Define khalifa

Someone who acts for Allah on Earth. Adam was believed to be Allah's khalifa

13

What is Iblis?

The Islamic equivalent for Satan

14

What is al-Jannah?

Islamic heaven

15

What is Jahannam?

Islamic hell

16

What is a hanif?

A believer in one god. Ibrahim was the first hanif

17

What is Laylat ul-Qadr?

Also known as the Night of Power, this was when the first part of the Qur'an was revealed to Allah by Jibril.

18

What is Lailat ul Miraj?

Also known as the Night Journey, this is when Muhammad is believed to have been taken to Jerusalem and his heart removed and purified from idolatry and doubt (instead being filled with wisdom). He is also believed to have spoken to previous prophets, e.g. Isa. During this journey, Musa and Muhammad discussed how often a Muslim soul pray (and they came to the conclusion of five times a day).

19

Define Nur

Divine light

20

Define al-Qad'r

Predestination

21

Define Sifat

Allah's foreknowledge of all things

22

Define Barzakh

The period of waiting between death and the Day of Judgement.

23

Define martyrdom

Being killed in the struggle for, or defence of, your faith.

24

What are the Five Pillars of Islam?

(i.e. define, don't give the names of the pillars)

The basic duties that all Muslims must perform

25

What is Shahadah?

Declaration of faith

26

What is Salah?

Prayer five times a day

27

What is Zakah?

The giving of money (especially to charity)

28

What is Sawm?

Fasting during the month of Ramadan

29

What is Hajj?

The obligatory pilgrimage to Mecca at least once during one's lifetime

30

What is a minaret?

A tower of a mosque

31

What is an adhan?

Call to prayer

32

What is the muezzin?

The person who gives the adhan

33

What is the iqmah?

The second call to prayer in a mosque, letting worshippers know prayer is about to begin.

34

What is niyyah?

A Muslim's intention to worship Allah with a pure heart. Symbolised by wudu.

35

What is wudu?

The symbolic washing before prayer

36

What is a rak'ah?

A complete sequence of prayer

37

Define ummah

Unity of Muslims

38

What is Jummah prayer?

Congregational prayer, which is seen to have more social and spiritual benefit.

39

What is Du'a prayer?

A private prayer in which Muslims bring their concerns to Allah.

40

Define nisab

The minimum net worth of an individual required to pay zakah

41

Other than the Islamic obligation, what does zakah actually mean?

Purification. Zakah is believed to clear a believer's heart from greed

42

What is sadaqah?

Further voluntary donations, other than zakah. This is considered to be charitable. There are no limits or guidelines for this.

43

What are khums?

One of the ten obligatory acts for Shi'ites. An Islamic tax of 20% of a person's excess earnings.

44

What is Id-ul-Fitr?

The Festival of Fast Breaking

45

What is a Khutbah?

A sermon delivered by an Imam, during Id-ul-Fitr

46

What is Id-ul-Adha?

The Festival of Sacrifice (commemorating the story of Ibrahim and Isma'il). Those who can afford to are required to offer an animal for sacrifice

47

What is the bismillah?

A blessing said over an animal that is being sacrificed during Id-ul-Adha - "In the name of Allah the merciful, the compassionate"

48

What is Id-ul-Ghadeer?

The day that Muhammad delivered his last sermon. Seen as a festival by Shi'a Muslims, as this is supposedly the day when Ali was appointed as the next successor. Hence, only Shi'ites celebrate this as a festival.