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Art History 111 > Islamic > Flashcards

Flashcards in Islamic Deck (10):
1

Who is Mohammed and how do his teachings affect the art of Islam?

The Prophet Mohammed is the final prophet and god's last messenger; preached monotheism and no representational imagery in sacred texts, which therefore affected islamic art

2

How is islamic art similar and unique to western art?

Islamic art emphasizes symmetry, balance, pattern, and color

3

Components of mosque architecture

qibla, the wall that faces Mecca
mihrab, notch in the qibla
imam, on top of minbar
maqsura, area that precedes mihrab
minaret, towers outside

4

Why is calligraphy important in Mosque architecture?

Calligraphy didn't include any images, which was against the teachings of the koran; the calligraphy showed religious passages

5

Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem

-where Muhammed journeyed to heaven
-central structure, arches, dome on octagon (similar to Byzantine)
-mosaics with lettering from the Koran, very detailed
-geometric patterns fill the entire space, very colorful, balanced, and symmetrical; elaborate colors and patterns, gold

6

Prayer Hall at the Great Mosque at Cordoba

has horseshoe (modish) arches, double tiered; columns came from Roman temples

7

Koran Page, Surah 18

calligraphy, vowels in red or yellow, consonants in black

8

Taj Mahal

Mausoleum to commemorate favorite wife; white marble; iwan gateway and architecture; ogee arch, 2 double curving lines; extensive carving; symmetrical, 4 minarets

9

Five pillars of Islam

Faith, prayer, almsgiving, fasting, and pilgrimage

10

Shah Jahan

built the taj mahal for his dead favorite wife