Flashcards in Jaguar Deck (30):
How is the jaguar different from the leopard?
It has a more muscular body, is larger, lives in the Americas, and has a different coat pattern. The coat features "bullseye" spots in the middle of the body. the leopard and the cheetah have solid spots.
Why are forest jaguars generally smaller?
Probably because of lack of large herbivores to feed upon.
How big are jaguars?
Between 57 and 107 inches long with shoulder heights of 27 to 30 inches.
How much do jaguars weigh?
Male: 125 - 320 pounds
Female: 75 - 220 pounds
What is the gestation period of the jaguar?
91 - 110 days
How many cubs does the jaguar have?
1 - 4
At what age do jaguars reach sexual maturity?
Females: 2 - 3 years
Males: 3 - 4 years
How long do jaguars live?
Average of 16.8 years. 23 is the max in captivity.
What is the current range and habitat of the jaguar?
They live near water sources in swampy grasslands, lowland forests, tropical forests, and deciduous mountain forests up to 8,000 feet. They range from Mexico to Argentina.
What is the historical range of the jaguar?
From Arizona and New Mexico to the tip of South America.
How large is a jaguar territory?
220 square miles
What do jaguars eat?
Basically anything they can catch. They prefer large mammals but will also take birds, reptiles, fish, and carrion.
What do jaguars do if they can't finish their food?
They cover it and save it for later.
When are jaguars active?
They are mostly nocturnal, but are also one of the more active cats during the day.
How do jaguars kill their prey?
They crush the skull.
Can jaguars swim and climb?
Yes, but they are not as agile as leopards.
What are some of the adaptions of the jaguar?
Crushing Jaws: The powerful jaws allow jaguars to crush the skulls of their prey.
Camouflage: Their coat hides them and allows them to ambush prey.
Night Vision: Their vision is six times more acute than that of a human in poor light.
What are some predators of the jaguar?
They are an apex predator. Humans are their only threat.
Why don't jaguars and cougars fight?
They are active at different times of the day and live in different habitats.
Are jaguars endangered?
Though they are considered to be "Near threatened" overall, the jaguar is classified as endangered in many parts of its range.
What are some threats to the survival of the jaguar?
People are destroying their habitat and killing them for fur. Shooting them to protect cattle is also legal in many parts of their range.
Why is it difficult to estimate the population of the jaguar?
They are elusive and live in dense forest.
Where does the name of the jaguar come from?
It comes from the guarani word "yaguara" which means "the beast that kills with one leap"
Where is the only possible population of jaguars in the United States?
Are jaguars aggressive toward humans?
No, jaguars usually run from humans and only attack if they are wounded of threatened.
What percent of jaguars are melanistic?
Six percent. This is unusually high, so it is theorized that the melanistic gene may be dominant.
What country has the jaguar as its national animal?
What did Mayans believe jaguars had the power to do?
Create connections between the living and the dead.
What was the elite class of Aztec warriors called?