Flashcards in James Deck (47)
When did James ascend to the throne?
When was he crowned James I of England?
March 24, 1603
July 25, 1603 at Westminster Abbey
When was the Treaty of London signed with Spain?
Who was James's wife?
Anne, Daughter of Frederick II of Denmark and Norway
Which three of James's children survived infancy?
Henry, Elizabeth and Charles
When did James die?
March 27, 1625
define Divine Right of Kings
The belief that the monarch's authority came from God and were ultimately only answerable to God. Anyone who questions or resists royal power is guilty of sin against God.
'Kings are not only God's lieutenants upon earth, and sit upon God's throne, but even by God himself are called gods' - Speech by James on 21 March 1610.
define The Royal Prerogative
The power of the King to make decisions that were beyond the competence of parliament.
The king could...
- dissolve and interrupt parliament's sitting
- declare war
- form and break alliances
- appoint ministers and bishops etc.
A form of parliamentary taxation. A tax on land and other forms of property.
define Parliamentary privilege
The rights of MPs and parliament to have freedom from arrest while sitting, freedom of speech, banned the monarch from entering the House of Commons.
Medieval practice of forcing ministers to stand trial in the House of Lords if accused of wrong doing by MPs or Lords.
The right to make or distribute certain products or commodities, sold by the crown.
When was James's first parliament?
What was the first issue of parliamentary privilege to occur?
The Goodwin/Fortescue case- 1604
Sir Francis Goodwin had won the election but the crown wasnted Sir John Fortescue to sit. Initially James demanded that the commons back down but later it was agreed to hold a fresh election.
What was the Form of Apology and Satisfaction?
A document drawn up by a committee of MPs in 1604 where they stated their privileges and liberties at length.
When did James I propose the union of England & Scotland, that attracted much criticism?
When was the Gunpowder plot?
November 5th, 1605
What resulted from the Gunpowder plot?
New oath of allegiance for Catholics
What and when was the Bates case?
1606 - Ruling that the King had the right to collect impositions without parliamentary consent
When was the truce between the Spanish and the Dutch?
When was Salisbury's Great Contract rejected by James and parliament?
When was the Calvinist George Abbot created Archbishop of Canterbury?
When was the authorised version of the King's Bible published?
When did both Robert Cecil (finance) and Prince Henry die?
When did Princess Elizabeth marry Frederick, future ruler of the Palatinate?
When was the Addled Parliament and why was it called so?
1614, because it achieved little. Lasted only 3 montsh
Had been called to provide money to help meet royal expenditure. Commons refused to grant subsidies unless impositions were abolished, which James considered as part of his prerogative.
Cockaynes scheme for customs duties
When was George villiers appointed as gentlemen of the bedchamber?
When was Robert Carr created earl of Somerset?
When was Robert Carr and wife found guilty of murder, but sentenced only to imprisonment?