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Flashcards in Japanese words Deck (91):
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にわ

Niwa
Garden

1

おなかすいた

おなかいっぱい

Onaka suita
Hungry (lit. Empty stomach)

Onaka ippai
Full (lit. Full stomach)

2

だけ

Dake
Only

Ex: xxxx だけ

3

りょりのはん

Ryori no hon
Cooking book

4

くつした

Kutsushita
Socks (lit. Under shoes)
Used for traditional japanese version as opposed to
ソックス → sokkusu

5

どうりょう

Douryou
Colleague

6

ゆっくり

ごゆっくり

Yukkuri
Relaxing

Go-yukkuri
Polite form: please relax

7

xxxx によります

ひによります
ひとによります
くみによります

... ni yorimasu
Depends on ....

Hi ni yorimasu → depends on the day
Hito ni yorimasu → depends on the person
Kumi ni yorimasu → depends on the country

8

いっしょ

いっしょに

Issho
the same

Issho-ni
Together

9

いりぐち

Iriguchi
Entrance
(Guchi = mouth)

10

きた
にし ひがし
みなみ

Kita
North
Nishi Higashi
West East
Minami
South

11

りょうじん

Ryōjin
Parents

12

きせつ

はる
なつ
あき
ふゆ

Kisetsu
Season

Haru
Spring

Natsu
Summer

Aki
Autumn

Fuyu
Winter

13

ところ

Tokoro
Place

14

がっき

Gakki
Musical instrument

15

なくしました

Nakushimashita
Lost

16

わすれましな

Wasuremashita
Forgotten

17

なるほど

Naruhodo
I see, I understand...

18

しゃかいじん

Shakaijin
Adult

19

かびん

Kabin
Vase

20

こうさてん

Kōsaten
Crossroads, intersection

21

しんごう

Shingō
Traffic lights

22

かど

Kado
Corner

23

Xxx の てまえ

xxx の まえ

xxx の さき

Xxx no temae
Just before xxx

Xxx no mae
In front of xxx

Xxx no saki
Just after xxx

24

こうくうびん

Kōkūbin
Airmail

25

ふなびん

Funabin
Surface mail

26

たくはいびん

Takuhaibin
Courier service

27

つぎ

Tsugi
Next

28

しりょう

Shiryō
Documents, data, information, material....

29

ゆうびん

Yūbin
Post (mail)

30

おとうと ⇔ おもうと

あに ⇔ あね

Otōto Omōto (Younger)
Ani Ane (Elder)

Brother Sister

31

むすこ ⇔ むすめ

Musuko musume

Son Daughter

32

えはがき

Ehagaki

Postcard

33

をきゃくさん

O-kyaku-san

Customer

34

とくに

Tokuni

Especially

35

むすめ

むすめさん


Musume
Daughter

Musume-san
Used when referring to somebody else's daughter

Ue - elder (lit. Above)
Shita - younger (lit. Under)

36

大雨
おおあめ

Ō ame

Heavy rain

37


かみなり

Kaminari

Thunder

38

おしゃれ

Oshare
Faishonable, cool

39

ふつうは

Futsūwa
Normally, usually, ordinarily

40

かいぎしつ

Kaigishitsu
Meeting room

41

さっき

Sakki
A while ago

42

よる

Yoru
Night

43

いろいろ

Iroiro
Several (many different...)

44

しりません ×= わかりません

Shirimasen is not the same as wakarimasen
Shirimasen = I don't know, is impolite
Wakarimasen = I don't understand, less harsh

45

はじめて

Hajimete
First time

46

ぎりのあに

Giri no ani
Brother in law

47

もちろん

Mochiron
Of course!

48

(Noun) + 中 (ちゅう)

Chū
During

49

だめです

Dame desu!
Not allowed

50

おんがく

Ongaku
Music

51

おはし

Ohashi
Chopsticks

52

すみませんが

Sumimasen ga

Sorry to bother you, but...
Used when asking for something

53

ごめんなさい

ごめん

Gomennasai
Please forgive me
Used when e.g. apologising for something one has done...

Gomen
Sorry!
Informal, friendly use...

54

そして

Soshite
And then
(Used to connect sentences)

55

それから

Sorekara
After that

56

おわかれかい

O wakare kai
Farewell party

57

かんげいかい

Kangei kai
Welcome party

58

きぐつ

Kigutsu
Wooden shoes

59

こうじょう

Kōjō
Factory

60

たくさん

Takusan
Many, a lot of

61

くすり

くすり を のみます

Kusuri
Medicine

Kusuri o nomimasu
To take medicine

62

もんだい

Mondai
Exercise, problem...

63

あかり

Akari
Lantern

64

でんき

Denki
Electricity, electric light

65

よやく

Yoyaku
Reservation

66

きぶん

Kibun
To feel

But this is not a verb???

67

となりのひと

Tonari no hito
Neighbour (lit. Person of next to)

68

ごしゅじん

Goshujin
(Somebody else's) husband

69

いらっしゃいます
いらしゃいませ

Irrashaimasu
To be

Irrashaimase
Welcome, how can I help you...

70

りょこう

Ryokō
Travel

71

かぜ

Kaze
Flu, a cold...
(But can also mean wind)

72

たぶん

Tabun
Maybe

73

おととい

Ototoi
Day before yesterday

74

とこに

Tokoni
Special

75

しょくじ

Shokuji
Meal

76

しゅくだい

Shukudai
Homework

77

はる
なつ
あき
ふゆ

Haru - spring
Natsu - summer
Aki - autumn
Fuyu - winter

78

もう



Also
Mō + verb= already

79

まだ

Mada

Mada + verb = yet

80

どっちも

Dotchimo
Both

81

60ねんかい
60さい
60ねんまえのもの

60nenkai - Sixties (period, years)
60sai - sixty years old (only for people!)
60nen mae no mono - sixty years old (for things) Lit. Something of 60 years before

82

いしゃ

Isha

Doctor

83

きぶん
きぶんわるい

Kibun - Feeling
Kibun warui - feeling ill (lit. Feeling bad)

84

しようらい

Shōrai

Near future, soon

85

みらい

Mirai
Far future

86

ことば

Kotoba
Language?, word

87

ていしょく

Teishoku
Japanese meal

88

りょくちゃ

Ryokucha
Green tea

89

すいか

Suika
Watermelon

90

あちら

Achira
That person over there