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US History 1H | Brian Kim > Jeffersonian Era > Flashcards

Flashcards in Jeffersonian Era Deck (44):
1

Judith Sargent Murray

May 1, 1751 - June 9, 1820
An early advocate of woman's rights in America. She supported the idea that woman and men had equal intellectual abilities.

2

Noah Webster

October 16, 1758 - May 28, 1843
He is known as the "Father of American Education and Scholarship". His speller books taught five generations of children how to read and write.

3

Charles Brockden Brown

January 17, 1771 - February 22, 1810
An American novelist known as the "Father of the American novel".

4

Washington Irving

April 3, 1783 - November 28, 1859
An American author and diplomat. Best known for the stories: "The Legend of the Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle".

5

Deism

Belief that a God who created the universe does exist, but has stepped away from his creations after his accomplishment.

6

Second Great Awakening

A Protestant revival movement during the 19th century in America. Amount of members in Baptist and Methodist congregations increased rapidly.

7

Handsome Lake

1735 - August 10, 1815
A Sineca religious leader of the Iroquois people. After recovering from alcoholism, he believed that other Indians should quit all the bad habits adopted from the whites and convert back to their original customs.

8

Samuel Slater

June 9, 1768 - April 21, 1835
"Father of the American Industrial Revolution". He introduced British machinery into the American economy.

9

Moses Brown

September 23, 1738 - September 6, 1836
Funded the designs and constructions of the first factories for spinning machines.

10

Industrial Revolution

1760 - 1840
A transition to more advanced machinery from hand dependent methods to machines.

11

Eli Whitney

December 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825
An American inventor who is best known for his invention of the cotton gin. Gin is short for "engine". The cotton gin made it easier to clean out the cotton fibers of dirt and debris.

12

Interchangeable Parts

Specifications that ensured that certain parts of a machine were identical to another machine. It allowed people to be able fix their own machines

13

Robert Fulton

November 14, 1765 – February 24, 1815
An American inventor and mechanic who is widely known for the invention of the steamboat.

14

Robert R. Livingston

November 27, 1746 – February 26, 1813
Diplomat from New York and known as the "Chancellor".

15

Pierre L' Efant

1754–1825
An architect who is best known for his layout of the streets of Washington D.C.

16

Albert Gallatin

January 29, 1761 – August 12, 1849
Longest serving U.S. Secretary of Treasury.

17

John Marshall

September 24, 1755 – July 6, 1835
The fourth Chief Justice of the U.S. He made the Supreme Court a coequal branch along with the executive and legislative branch.

18

Napoleon Bonaparte

August 15, 1769 - May 5, 1821
A French military and political leader who gained popularity during the French Revolution.

19

James Monroe

April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831
Fifth president of the U.S. One of the Founding Fathers of the U.S.

20

General James WIlkinson

March 24, 1757 – December 28, 1825
He was the Fifth Commanding General of the U.S. Army and was appointed first governor of the Louisiana Territory. After his death, it was found out that he was a paid agent of the Spanish Crown.

21

Lt. Montgomery Pike

January 5, 1779 – April 27, 1813
He led an expedition to explore the southern part of the Louisiana Purchase.

22

Embargo

1807
An embargo against Great Britain and France. This act was an answer to the impressment of U.S. merchants and sailors.

23

Battle Of Trafalgar

October 21, 1805
A naval war fought by the British Navy against the combined forces of the French and Spanish Navy. British victory.

24

Essex Junto

A group of Federalists opposed to John Hancock and his supporters of the constitution of Massachusetts.

25

Lewis and Clark Expedition

1804–1806
First expedition to the Pacific coast by the U.S. It was led by Merriwether Lewis and William Clark. An indigenous woman who accompanied the expedition as an interpreter.

26

The "Turnpike Era"

1800
Agencies and companies built roads to make travel and communication easier.

27

Charles C. Pinckney

February 25, 1746 – August 16, 1825
American statesman of South Carolina. Appointed minister to France and participated in the XYZ Affair.

28

Tripoli

November 4, 1796
A treaty between the US and the Barbary Pirates. An embarrassing amount of money was paid.

29

Marbury v Madison

1803
This case defined the boundaries between the United States executive and judicial branch.

30

Louisiana Purchase

1803
America's purchase of 828,000 square miles for $11,250,000 of France's territory of Louisiana.

31

Alexander Hamilton

January 11, 1755 – July 12, 1804
Founding Father and first United States Secretary of Treasury. Founded the national bank system of US.

32

Chesapeake-Leonard Incident

22 June 1807
Naval engagement between Britain and America. US surrendered and this was one of the events that led to Embargo.

33

Non-Intercourse Acts

1809
An act that replace the Embargo Act and allowed trade to every port excluding France and Britain.

34

Tenskwatawa the "Prophet"

1775 – November 1836
Political leader of the Shawnee tribe and brother of Tecumseh, leader of the Shawnee tribe. Rebelled against US and was defeated in the War of 1812.

35

Tecumseh

March 1768 – October 5, 1813
Leader of the Shawnee tribe who opposed America.

36

Henry Clay

April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852
He was a warhawk for the War of 1812.Secretary of State.

37

War of 1812

1812
A 32 month conflict between America and Britain and their Indian allies. Ended in a tie where everything was back the way it was.

38

Oliver Hazard Perry

August 23, 1785 – August 23, 1819
A naval commander against Britain in the War of 1812. "Hero of Lake Erie"

39

Battle of Horseshoe Bend

A battle during the War of 1812 concerning Andrew Jackson and rogue Indians. US victory.

40

Battle of New Orleans

January 8, 1815
Final major battle of War of 1812. Battle between Andrew Jackson and Britain. US victory.

41

Daniel Webster

January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852
American senator. Leader of the Whig party. Supported modernization.

42

Hartford Convention

1814–1815
Discussed removing the three-fifths compromise.

43

Treaty of Ghent

24 December 1814
Peace treaty that ended the War of 1812.

44

Rush-Bagot Agreement

Treaty between America and Britain limiting naval armaments on the Great Lakes following the War of 1812.