Flashcards in Jesus' Birth, Death And Resurrection Deck (70):
What claims did Jesus make in each of the following passages concerning his life and death?
John 3:14-15 - I will be lifted up like Moses lifted up the snake in the desert.
John 8:28 - when I am lifted up you can know I am who I claim to be.
What did Jesus claim people could know as a result of this act (John 8:28)
That He is God
What did Jesus have reference to when speaking of this act of being lifted up?
The way he would die (cruxifixction)
From each of the following passages state, in detail, the claims ofJesus about his death.
Matthew 16:21 - I will suffer and die at Jerusalem, I will suffer at the hands of the Jewish religious leaders, I will be killed.
Matthew 17:22-23 - I will be betrayed, I will be killed
Matthew 20:18-19 - At Jerusalem I will be betrayed to the Jewish religious leaders, they will condemn me to death and turn me over to the Gentiles, the Gentiles will mock, beat and crucify me
What powers did Jesus claim to possess?
- Regarding his life
- Regarding his death
- Regarding his life - no one can take my life from me (no one can kill me)
- Regarding his death - I can die when I choose when I choose, I can come back to life when I choose
Jesus claims to have power over life and death
Summarise the claims of Jesus regarding his life and death
When I am crucified you to know that I am God.
At Jerusalem I will be betrayed to the Jewish religious leaders. They will condemn me to death and turn me over to the Gentiles.
The Gentiles will mock, beat and crucify me.
No one can take my life from me; I can die when I choose
What is the only kind of being that could make good on these claims
A supernatural being – God
What were the Jewish leaders trying to do to Jesus and include attempt done at birth
They were trying to kill him.
Matthew 2:13–21 - Herod tried to kill Jesus at his birth but after being warned in a dream, his parents took him to Egypt
The writer of the book of John claimed that all of these attempts on the life of Jesus failed for a particular reason. What was that reason?
"His time had not yet come"
What did the writer of John mean when he used the particular phrase written about Jesus' s death?
It was not time for him to die
More information on Jesus is death
Jesus came to die, and the Jewish religious leaders wanted him dead. However the battle at this point between them was the time and manner of death that Jesus wanted and the time and manner of that the Jews wanted were in conflict. Jesus claimed he came to die only by the particular means of crucifixion and at the fixed time which the father had predestined. The Jewish religious leaders, on the other hand, were seeking any opportunity available to them to rid themselves of their tormentor, which they could manage without creating and uproar against them from the multitudes of the common people. It was in the heat of this conflict that Jesus claims that he had the power to keep anyone from taking his life. He claimed he had a certain destiny to fulfil and no power from anywhere could alter it.
What was done to hasten the time of death?
Breaking the legs of the crucified person
Name the place where Jesus was crucified
At what time was Jesus on the cross
The third hour of the day (9 AM)
What written charge was placed above Jesus' head
Jesus of Nazareth, the king of the Jews
What time did Jesus die
The ninth hour of the day (3 PM)
How long was Jesus on the cross before he died?
What was pilate's reaction when he learned of Jesus' death
He was surprised and checked with the centurion to see that he was really dead.
List four statements statements Jesus said while on the cross
Eloi, Eloi lama sabachthani - My god, My God, why have you forsaken me.
I am thirsty
It is finished
Father, into your hands I commit my spirit
What unusual things was Jesus doing at the point of his death?
He was drinking
He was crying out loudly
His head was erect
What conclusion was reached by the Roman centurion when he saw the way Jesus died?
Surely this man was the son of God Matthew 15:39
What did all of the disciples do at the time Jesus was arrested on the night before his crucifixion?
They deserted him and ran away
On what charge did the Jewish religious leaders condemn Jesus
Blast for me – he claimed to be God
What did Peter do while Jesus was on trial before the Sanhedrin
He denied knowing Jesus three times
Who asked pilot for the body of Jesus?
Joseph of Arimathea
What was pilot surprised to hear about Jesus?
That he was already dead
Describe the method used to prepare the body of Jesus
They wrapped the body in strips of the linen, applying 75 pounds (34 kg) of spices (mixture of myrrh and aloes) as they wrapped him.
According to whose burial customs was the body prepared?
Jewish burial custom
What was placed in front of the tomb
A big stone
Where was Jesus placed after his preparation for burial?
In a new tomb that belongs to Joseph in the garden when he was crucified
What group acted to make sure the tomb was secure?
The Jewish religious leaders
Why did they want the tomb to be secure
To keep the disciples, or anyone else from stealing the body and faking a resurrection
Who assisted them in making the tomb secure
Pilate, the Roman governor
What measures were taken to secure the tomb?
Roman guards were placed at the tomb.
A Roman seal was put on the tomb.
Who came to the tomb early on the first day of the week?
Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, Salome, Joanna and the other woman
What were they concerned about on the way to the tomb
Who would roll away the big stone
Who spoke to the woman at the tomb
What did they tell the woman to do
Go and tell the disciples
How did the disciples receive the women's report
What they said sounded like nonsense, so they did not believe them
What two men ran to the tomb to look for the body of Jesus
Peter and John
What conclusion was reached by the two men
The body was really gone
What did the guards do while the women were on their way to report to the disciples
Went into the city and told the Jewish religious leaders everything that had happened
What did the Jewish religious leaders do to prevent the spread of the report made to them by the guards
They bribed the guards
What story did the Jewish leaders tell the guards to report?
That Jesus' disciples had come and stolen the body while they were asleep
What protection was offered to the guards are Jewish leaders?
If Pilate hears the story, we will keep you out of trouble
After the disciples had returned home, whom did Mary Magdalene see at the tomb?
Two angels seated where Jesus' body had been
Who did Mary go to tell when she realised who she had met
She went and told the disciples she had seen Jesus
What was the response of this group when they heard Mary's report?
They didn't believe her
To whom did Jesus appear next
To disciples going to the town of Emmaus
Where did they go and what did they do after they recognised Jesus?
They went back to Jerusalem and told disciples that it was true. Jesus had risen from the dead
What response did they receive after their report
The disciples did not believe them
On the evening of that first day of the week what group was together
All of the disciples
What had this group down to the room in which they were staying?
Locked the doors
Why had they done this to the room?
They were afraid of the Jewish religious leaders
Who came and stood among them
What did they think they were seeing
How did this person conceive them of who he was?
He showed them his hands and side
Who was not there when he appeared to them?
How did Jesus convince this man that he had been resurrected
Touch my hands and side. Stop doubting and believe
What did this person call Jesus
My Lord and my God
If the resurrection is true, what three things does it prove
There is a God
Jesus is God
The Bible is God's Word (it is from God)
What are some logical questions that we need to be asked based on the evidence presented in John 20:1–8?
Who moved the stone?
Who/what the body out of the tomb?
When was the tomb found to be empty?
Why were the grave clothes left in the tomb?
Give reliable evidence that the disciples of Jesus didn't take the body
They were afraid of the Jewish leaders
They were locked in a room
They did not believe that Jesus would be resurrected
There were guards at the tomb
The guards did not say they took the body
Give reliable evidence that the Jewish religious leaders didn't take the body of Jesus
They wanted the body to stay in the tomb
They asked Pilate for the guards to secure the tomb
They told the guards to lie when they had told them what they had seen
They couldn't produce the body to show they had it
Give reliable evidence to show that Pilate and the Roman government didn't take the body of Jesus
Pilate provided the guards for the Jewish religious leaders
Pilate wanted to appease the Jewish religious leaders (keep them happy)
The guards did not say pilot took the body
Pilate had no reason to take the body (he didn't want to fake a resurrection)
Give reliable evidence as to why the guards wouldn't have taken the body of Jesus
They have no reason to take the body
They could have been put to death for failing to do their duty
The Jewish religious leaders bribed them to lie when they heard the story about Angels moving the stone
Historical evidence indicates they had no reason to take the body nor did they take it
Give reliable evidence as to why grave robbers didn't take the body of Jesus
The guards were at the tomb
Guards didn't say that graverobbers took the body
Historical evidence doesn't indicate they took the body
Give reliable evidence as to why animals didn't take the body of Jesus
The guards were at the tomb
The guards didn't say an animal took the body
Historical evidence indicates that an animal didn't take the body
Name the four alternative theories to the resurrection and a reason as to why they are not correct
The swoon theory: this theory states that Jesus did not die on the cross. He just passed out and was put into the tomb alive and got out of the tomb by himself. This is not correct as Jesus could not have got past the guards
The theft theory: this theory states that someone came and stole the body while the Roman gods were still asleep. This is not correct as historical evidence says the guards were not asleep. Penalty for sleeping was death.
The hallucination theory: this theory states that no one actually saw a resurrected Jesus. Everyone who claims to have seen him was actually hallucinating. This is not correct as not everyone hallucinates
The women and subsequently everyone else, went to the wrong tomb: this theory states that everyone who went to the tomb were Jesus was laid after his death returned to the wrong tomb later. This is not correct as the guards were at the right tomb