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Flashcards in Judaism Deck (40)
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1

What is theology

Things people believe

2

Orthodoxic

focuses on faith and belief but not much diet and dress

3

Orthopraxis

Thinks about behavior, ritual and diet

4

Bracketing

What religious scholars have to do, put your beliefs aside to study a religion

5

Theological questions

Where did we come from? How do we know we are blessed by God. How do we know others are not blessed by God. Why does how we eat, dress, and pray matter to God. What is sin, what happens to sinners.

6

Abraham

Called by God to move his people to a new place far away. Fathers his child Ishmael with a maid. His wife Sara gives birth to Isaac. Sara gets jealous kicks out Ishmael and his mom. Isaac has child Jacob, wrestles with God and God changes Jacob's name to Israel.

7

Moses

Egyptians kill and enslave Hebrews and Moses is sent off to safety to a household. When Moses finds out he is Jewish he kills Egyptian overlord. Goes out into the wilderness and meets a burning bush that speaks to him and tells him to set his people free. Exodus occurs and Moses receives the 10 commandments

8

Shema

creed of Judaism

9

Covenant and election

Treaties, "if you are loyal to me i will protect you", this becomes an issue when temples are destroyed

10

Theodicy

Why does god allow evil to occur?

11

Halakhah

how to follow the law of god properly

12

Messiah

David was the first messiah, one loses the title of messiah when they die, it's passed on to their off spring. Cyrus only non jew as messiah

13

Hebrew Bible

main theological writing for jews, 3 parts: Torah, Nevi and Ket. In other words (Teaching, prophets, and writings)

14

Ahskenazi vs sephardic

Different tradition, diets, dress, languages, prayers, etc. Ashkenazi: Eastern Europe, Germany, France
Sephardic: Spain, Portugal, North Africa, Middle East

15

Conservative Judaism

Fine with cultural changes but strict with the changes to tradition

16

Orthopraxy

correct practice "ortho" (correct) "praxy" (practice)

17

Mitzvah

laws or commandments

18

Torah

Contains laws of God given to Moses to instruct the Israelites in every aspect of life. It is the first 5 books of the bible

19

Circumcision

Cut off foreskin to mark Abrahams covenant with God,
occurs on the 8th day of a boys life

20

Epispasm

creating new foreskin for yourself, used a lot for the olympics in Greece

21

Kashrut

Rules of eating in Judaism. Cannot eat an animal that died of natural causes or killed by another animal. Consumption of blood not allowed too.

22

Ritual Purity

Contact with something like blood, semen or death, makes one impure and requires ritual purification

23

Niddah

Women who are menstruating cannot be touched and go into a mikveh which is like a hot tub

24

Sabbath

Every 7th day is a day of rest, handling money is prohibted during sabbath

25

Synagogue Worship

Decentralized authority (no hierarchy), no temple like functions, led by rabbis, gender seperations (for conservative congregations)

26

Synagogue service

1 hour long; scripture, singing, kissing torah scroll, prayer

27

Bar Mitzvah

When a Jewish boy becomes a man and he can be in a minyan, 10 adult males are required for a minyan. Female version is a novelty, but conservative and reform would have sports for women in their minyan

28

Tefillin

Tool for focusing on prayer, two small black boxes each with a scroll of the torah in it are placed on the body (one on heart one on mind. the boxes are strapped to the body with kosher leather

29

Tallith

A shawl that is placed over your head that is supposed to block out sound and motion, some jews wear this all the time to show their devotion

30

Kippah

A skull cap, orthodox tend to wear in public, conservative sometimes in public always in worship, reform only sometimes

31

Jewish time

Relation to the cycle of nature, history of interaction with god

32

Rosh Hashanah

Jewish new year: 5780,1st of tishri- september and october, sep 29 2019, focuses on self improvement and repentance

33

Yom Kipper

Collective guilt and forgiveness, temple culture, holy of holies, YHWH a name NOT to be spoken, spoken instead as Adonay, 10 days after Rosh Hashanah, most holy day; fasting, somber, serious, 10th of Tishri

34

Sukkot

15th of Tishri, related to autumn harvest, sleeping in field to protect crops

35

Simhat Torah

The joy of the torah, follows last day of sukkot, celebrates the gift of God's law

36

Hanukkah

Hanukkah is a Jewish festival commemorating the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt against the Seleucid Empire. Last 8 nights, each night a candle it lit, until the last night when there are 8 candles burning

37

Purim

Most joyous and fun of jewish holy days, Book of esther

38

Pesach/Passover

Symbolic meaning: emergence from winter and entry into spring, Historical meaning: recalls exodus from Egypt, meal is called seder (means order), story told alongside meal is Pesach Haggadah

39

Shavuot

Also called the festival of weeks (My-june), relationship to nature Theological meaning: celebrates the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai

40

Tisha B'av

Collective day of mourning for the two destroyed temples; expulsions from Spain (1492) and England (1290), weddings, cutting hair, makeup and new clothes are not permitted during this period