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Flashcards in Kaplan 4 Deck (17):
1

_______ is characterized by a fixed and widely split 2nd heart sound.

ASD

2

What diagnostic procedure must be done to rule out testicular torsion or traumatic hemorrhage into a hydrocele (once a hydrocele is suspected d/t transillumination test)?

Doppler US

3

What is the most common cause of htn in children?

renovascular disease

4

What is the most common complication of mumps in prepubertal children?

meningoencephalomyelitis

5

Craniofacia anomalies including narrow bifrontal diameter, high forehead, epicanthal folds, broad and low nasal bridge, midfacial hypoplasia, long filtrum, and small mouth; as well as CV anomalies, cleft lip, and meningomyelocele are features of exposure to what drug in utero?

valproic acid (depakote)

6

What is the Tx of amebiasis?

metronidazole followed by paromycin or iodoquinol

7

What is the CHARGE association?

Colobomas
Heart defects
Choanal atresia
GU anomalies
Ear anomalies

8

What is the natural course for most laryngomalacia?

spontaneous resolution by 18 mos.

9

What is the conservative tx for laryngomalacia (what precautions should be taken)?

feed baby in upright position and keep upright for 30 mins

10

What should be given as a BOLUS for rehydration of a hypovolemic hypernatremic infant?

normal saline

11

What should be given as an IV drip to a hypovolemic hypernatremic infant?

1L of 4.5% saline or D5W per 3 mEq/L above 140 mEq/L of Na+

12

What does the liver damage of Reye's syndrome look like histologically?

extensive fatty vacuolization w/o inflammation

13

What is the Tx for Reye's syndrome?

glucose w/FFP and mannitol to reduce cerebral edema

14

What is the first step in diagnosis of a pt. with febrile or recurrent UTI during the infection?

Renal US

15

What imaging must be done after resolution of a febrile or recurrent UTI?

voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG)

16

What bacteria most comonly cause brain abscesses in neonates?

Citrobacter

17

What is the first-line Tx for apnea of prematurity?

methylxanthines (theophylline or caffeine)