Flashcards in Kaplan 4 Deck (17):
_______ is characterized by a fixed and widely split 2nd heart sound.
What diagnostic procedure must be done to rule out testicular torsion or traumatic hemorrhage into a hydrocele (once a hydrocele is suspected d/t transillumination test)?
What is the most common cause of htn in children?
What is the most common complication of mumps in prepubertal children?
Craniofacia anomalies including narrow bifrontal diameter, high forehead, epicanthal folds, broad and low nasal bridge, midfacial hypoplasia, long filtrum, and small mouth; as well as CV anomalies, cleft lip, and meningomyelocele are features of exposure to what drug in utero?
valproic acid (depakote)
What is the Tx of amebiasis?
metronidazole followed by paromycin or iodoquinol
What is the CHARGE association?
What is the natural course for most laryngomalacia?
spontaneous resolution by 18 mos.
What is the conservative tx for laryngomalacia (what precautions should be taken)?
feed baby in upright position and keep upright for 30 mins
What should be given as a BOLUS for rehydration of a hypovolemic hypernatremic infant?
What should be given as an IV drip to a hypovolemic hypernatremic infant?
1L of 4.5% saline or D5W per 3 mEq/L above 140 mEq/L of Na+
What does the liver damage of Reye's syndrome look like histologically?
extensive fatty vacuolization w/o inflammation
What is the Tx for Reye's syndrome?
glucose w/FFP and mannitol to reduce cerebral edema
What is the first step in diagnosis of a pt. with febrile or recurrent UTI during the infection?
What imaging must be done after resolution of a febrile or recurrent UTI?
voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG)
What bacteria most comonly cause brain abscesses in neonates?