12/22/12 b Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics > 12/22/12 b > Flashcards

Flashcards in 12/22/12 b Deck (16):
1

What is the diagnosis for an otherwise healthy neonate with the sudden appearance of an erythematous papular rash with red halos containing numerous eosinophils?

erythema toxicum

2

What is the Tx for erythema toxicum?

none, self-limiting

3

Which structure is the primary cause of premature adrenarche in most cases?

adrenal glands

4

Which structure is the primary cause of premature pubarche in half of cases?

CNS

5

What is the differential for T-wave inversion, aside from MI?

myocarditis, previous pericarditis, myocardial contusion, and digoxin toxicity

6

At what age should a child be able to copy a cross and a circle?

3 yrs

7

At what age should a child be able to copy a square and a rectangle?

4 yrs

8

At what age should a child be able to copy a triangle?

5 yrs

9

At what age should a child be abl;e to copy a diamond?

6 yrs

10

What is the order of procedures for infants presenting with apparent bacterial meningitis?

blood culture, LP, then Abx

11

Why can a lumbar puncture be safely performed in pts <1 y.o. w/o CT scan?

open fontanelles

12

What are the 2 most common causes of bacterial meningitis in children?

S. pneumoniae and N. meningititis

13

What empiric Abx should be given to children (beyond the neonatal period) with suspected bacterial meningitis?

vancomycin and ceftriaxone

14

Which birth injury can result in hand paralysis and ipsilaterl Horner's syndrome?

Klumpke's paralysis

15

Which nerves are involved in Klumpke's paralysis?

C7,C8, T1

16

Recurrent bacterial infections, delayed separation of the umbilical cord, and periodontal infections are classic for what immune defect?

impaired leukocyte adhesion