Flashcards in Key Area 4.3: The Transmission And Control Of Infection Diesease Deck (12):
What are infectious diseases caused by?
How can disease causing pathogens be transferred?
By physical contact, in water, bodily fluids, in inhaled air or by vector organisms
What can disease causing pathogens be controlled by?
Quarantine and antisepsis
What do individuals have the responsibility for in controlling disease causing pathogens?
Observing good hygiene, taking care with sexual health and appropriate handling and storage of food.
What do communities have the responsibility for in controlling disease causing pathogens?
Quality control of drinking water, use of safe food webs, appropriate waste disposal systems and the control vector organisms
What is epidemiology?
The science that studies the causes, patterns and effects of health and disease in populations.
What does sporadic mean?
Occasional occurrence of a disease
What does endemic mean?
Regular occurrence of a disease in a particular area.
What does epidemic mean?
An unusually high number of causes of a disease in a given area.
What does pandemic mean?
A global epidemic
What are some diesease control measures?
Prevention of transmission, drug therapy, immunisation or a combination inaction of these.