Key Area 4.3: The Transmission And Control Of Infection Diesease Flashcards Preview

Higher Human Biology - Unit 4: Immunology And Public Health > Key Area 4.3: The Transmission And Control Of Infection Diesease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Key Area 4.3: The Transmission And Control Of Infection Diesease Deck (12):
1

What are infectious diseases caused by?

Pathogens

2

How can disease causing pathogens be transferred?

By physical contact, in water, bodily fluids, in inhaled air or by vector organisms

3

What can disease causing pathogens be controlled by?

Quarantine and antisepsis

4

What do individuals have the responsibility for in controlling disease causing pathogens?

Observing good hygiene, taking care with sexual health and appropriate handling and storage of food.

5

What do communities have the responsibility for in controlling disease causing pathogens?

Quality control of drinking water, use of safe food webs, appropriate waste disposal systems and the control vector organisms

6

What is epidemiology?

The science that studies the causes, patterns and effects of health and disease in populations.

7

What does sporadic mean?

Occasional occurrence of a disease

8

What does endemic mean?

Regular occurrence of a disease in a particular area.

9

What does epidemic mean?

An unusually high number of causes of a disease in a given area.

10

What does pandemic mean?

A global epidemic

11

What are some diesease control measures?

Prevention of transmission, drug therapy, immunisation or a combination inaction of these.

12

What are the 4 pathogen types, give examples.

Bacterium - Tuberculosis
Protozoan - Malaria
Fungus - Athletes foot
Virus - Influenza