Key Info up to 1461 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Info up to 1461 Deck (65)
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1

Acronym of battles

Six battles lost now we must survive Towton

2

Six battles lost now we must survive Towton

St Albans
Blore Heath
Ludford Bridge
Northampton
Wakefield
Mortimer Cross
St Albans 2
Towton

3

St Albans 1 Date

1455

4

1455- 59

Relative peace as both sides lacked support

5

St Albans 1- who won?

Yorkists- led by Warwick

6

St Albans 1- killed?

Somerset and leading Lancastrians

7

St Albans 1- consequence?

York became protector again

8

Blore Heath- date?

September 1459

9

Blore Heath- who won?

Yorkists

10

Blore Heath- what happened

Warwicks dad (Richard Neville) intercepted Salisbury
Fake retreat led to attack on both sides
Salisbury promised support of Stanley’s- but they didn’t show up
York captain of Calais

11

Blore Heath- killed?

Lord Audley

12

Ludford Bridge- date?

October 12th 1459

13

Ludford Bridge- who won?

Lancastrian

14

Ludford Bridge- who switches sides

Calais garrison- would not fight the king

15

Ludford Bridge- consequences

York fled to Ireland and son (Earl of Rutland) and wife imprisoned in Coventry

16

Parliament of Devils- date?

November 1459

17

Parliament of Devils- where?

Coventry

18

Parliament of Devils- what was it?

Confiscated land and titles
Convicted York to treason

19

Who implemented the Parliament of Devils?

Margaret of Anjou

20

Another name for the Parliament of Devils?

Act of Attainder

21

How many Yorkists had the act of attainder passed against them

27 Yorkists (most family)

22

Parliament of Devils- consequences?

York wanted to be king advisor but now wants the throne as he lost everything
Nobles changed side as it was ‘too harsh’

23

Northampton- date?

July 1460

24

Northampton- who won?

Yorkists

25

Northampton- who helpers Yorkists over barricade

Lord Grey of Ruthin

26

Northampton- who dies?

Duke of Buckingham

27

Northampton- what happened?

Salisbury stayed in London as they marched London first then to Northampton
Lord grey helped Yorkists

28

Northampton- why did York win?

Lord Greys help
Had control of river
Lancastrians cannons didn’t fire due to weather

29

Northampton- consequences?

Yorkists take King back to London- to keep him safe but the government control

30

York returns from Ireland- date

September 1460