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Flashcards in Key Terms Deck (18)
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Northwest Ordinance (1787)

provided a method for admitting new states to the Union from the territory, and listed a bill of rights guaranteed in the territory.


Constitutional Convention (of 1787)

address the problems of the weak central government that existed under the Articles of Confederation.


Virginia Plan

bicameral legislative branch that gave larger states more representation according to population


New Jersey Plan

Unicameral legislative branch that gave all states equal representation


Great Compromise

bicameral that did both by equal representation=upper house and proportional representation= lower house.



a cancellation of a decision by exertion of authority or winning of votes.


ratifying convention

method established by Article V of the United States Constitution for ratifying proposed constitutional amendments. only used to repeal prohibition



you vote for my legislation I will vote for yours.


The Federalist Papers

The Federalist is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym "Publius" to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution. Wikipedia


executive order

a rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law.


executive agreement

an international agreement, usually regarding routine administrative matters not warranting a formal treaty, made by the executive branch of the US government without ratification by the Senate.


eminent domain

the right of a government or its agent to expropriate private property for public use, with payment of compensation.


habeas corpus

a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court, especially to secure the person's release unless lawful grounds are shown for their detention.


delegated powers

Delegated powers are government powers specifically outlined in the U.S. Constitution. These powers limit what Congress can do, and also define what Congress is in charge of regulating.


reserved powers

neither prohibited nor explicitly given by law to any organ of government; lie with the constituent states.


concurrent powers

Concurrent powers are powers of a federal system of government shared by both the federal government and each constituent political unit (such as a state or province).


Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (McCain-Feingold Act)

banned soft money and reduced attack ads


soft money

money spent in support of a candidate without directly donating to their campaign, such as paying for ads or campaign events, or giving to the candidate’s party