Key Terms- Judaism Beliefs Flashcards Preview

RE - Judaism > Key Terms- Judaism Beliefs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Key Terms- Judaism Beliefs Deck (35):
1

Monotheism

Belief in one God.

2

Shema

A Jewish prayer affirming belief in one God - Torah.

3

Torah

5 books of Moses, forms first section of Tenakh - Jewish written law.

4

Talmud

Commentary by the rabbi on the Torah, consist of the Mishnah and Gemara together in one collection.

5

Omnipotent

All powerful.

6

Omniscient

All knowing.

7

Omnibenevolent

All loving.

8

Omnipresent

Everywhere.

9

Shabbat

Jewish holy day of the week; spiritual renewal from Sunset Friday - Sunset Saturday.

10

Mitzvoh

613 laws giving guidance on how Jews should use free will.

11

Shekhinah

Divine presence of God.

12

Temple

Centre of Jewish worship.

13

Judge

Belief that God judges a person based on their actions and either awards or punishes them as a result.

14

Resurrection

Rising from the dead and returning to life.

15

Heaven

The state of eternal happiness in the presence of God.

16

Sheol

The opposite of heaven, not as extreme as hell.

17

Messiah

Anointed one, elder of the Jews who is expected to live on earth at some time in the future.

18

Messianic age

Future time of global peace when everyone will want to become closer to God, possibly through the intervention of the Messiah.

19

Promised Land

Land of Canaan that God promised to the Jews.

20

Covenant

An agreement in Judaism it refers to an agreement between individuals, often on the belief of the Jews and God.

21

Abraham

A man who become a Father of Nations after he travelled from Ur - Canaan.

22

Moses

A man who set the Jews free.

23

Sinai Covenant

Gods covenant with Abraham.

24

Circumcision

Removal of foreskin from the penis.

25

Ten Commandments

Rules given from God to Moses over 3000 years ago.

26

Justice

Bringing about what is right and fair, according to the law, or among up for a wrong that has been committed.

27

Healing the World

Being involved in God's work to sustain the world. It can involve work to increase social justice or to preserve the environment.

28

Kindness to Others

Positive, caring actions that should be shown to all living things.

29

Charity

Providing help and love to those in need. An organisation that doesn't make a profit to help the people in the world who are less fortunate.

30

Sanctity of Life

All life is holy as it is created and loved by God; human life should not be misused or abased.

31

Pikuach Nefesh

The obligation to save a life, even if it breaks Jewish law in doing so.

32

Free Will

Belief that God gives people the opportunity to make decisions for themselves.

33

Mitzvot

Jewish laws or commandments.

34

Mitzvot: Between Man and God

To improve the relationship between the people and God.

35

Mitzvot: Between Man and Man

To let people love their neighbour how they love themselves. Covered areas such as treatment of workers, how to settle disputes.