Key Terms - Judaism Practices Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key Terms - Judaism Practices Deck (40):
1

Synagogue

Building for Jews public prayer, study and gathering.

2

Minyan

Group of at least 10 adults, minimum number if Jews allowed in a Jewish service.

3

Menorah

7-branched candlestick.

4

Chanukah

9-branched candlestick.

5

Star of David

Symbol of Judaism said to represent the shield go king David who ruled Israel.

6

Torah Scrolls

5 books revealed by God to Moses. First section of the Tenakh and it is the Jewish written law. Key teachings of Judaism.

7

Beit K'nesset

House of assembly.

8

Shul

The prayer shawl.

9

Bimah

Platfrom in the synagogue where the Torah is read.

10

Aron Hakodesh (Ark)

Holiest part of the synagogue, where the Torah scrolls are kept.

11

Ner Tamid

Eternal light; a light that is kept burning in the synagogue above the Ark.

12

Tallit

A prayer shawl, Orthodox Jews wear them on weekdays and in Shabbat.

13

Amidah

Standing prayer. Central prayer of Jewish worship.

14

Shema

A jewish prayer affirming belief in God, found in the Torah.

15

Shabbat

Jewish Holy part of the week; days of spiritual renewal starting shortly before sunset on Friday and continuing to sunset on Saturday

16

Mezuzah

Small box that contains a handwritten scroll of verse from the Torah, which is fixed to the doorpost.

17

Tenakh

24 books of Jewish scriptures.

18

Nevi'im

Second section of the Tenakh - prophets.

19

Ketuvim

Third part of the Tenakh - writings.

20

Mishnah

First version written of Jewish Oral Law; part of the Talmud.

21

Brit Malah

Celebration of circumcision.

22

Circumcision

Removal of foreskin from the penis.

23

Bar Mitzvah

Where the boy is first called to read at a synagogue service.

24

Bat Mitzvah

Girl will receive gifts and have a family meal and will be allowed to read at Jewish reform synagogue services.

25

Pesach

Jewish passover.

26

Dietary Laws

Laws to do with the dietary requirements that all Jews must abide by.
Kosher - Legal
Trefah - Illegal

27

Rosh Hashanah

Jewish new year, recalls creation story, anniversary of God creating humans and a day of judgement.

28

Yom Kippur

Day of Atonement; day of fasting on the tenth day after Rosh Hashanah.

29

Kosher and Kosher Foods

Food that meets the requirements of Jewish laws.
Cows, sheep, goats, deer.
Fish that has scales and fins (salmon, tuna)
Kosher certified cheese.
Fruit and veg (free of insects)

30

Trefah and Trefah Foods

Foods that Jews are forbidden to eat; means 'torn'
Pork, camel, rodents, reptiles.
Seafood w/out fins (crabs, lobsters)
Non-certfied kosher cheese
Insects/amphibian

31

Mourning

Period of time spent remembering a person who has died.

32

Shiva

Intense 7 days of mourning that lasts for 7 days.

33

Kaddish

A prayer said by Jewish mourners that praises God and asks for peace.

34

Marriage

Legal union between a man and woman (or same sex in some countries/religions) as partners in a relationship.

35

Rituals

Religious ceremonies that are performed according to a set pattern.

36

Tzitzit

Long tassel coming off each corner of the tallit.

37

Orthodox Jews

Emphasise the importance of following the laws and guidance of the Torah; they believe the Torahwas given directly by God to Moses, so shouldd be followed as closely as possible.

38

Reform Jews

Believe the laws and guidance of the Torah can be adapted for modern times; they believe the Torah was inspired by God but written by humans, so can be interpreted according to the times

39

Cantor (Chazzan)

Person who leads or chants prayers in the synagogue.

40

Betrothal

A period of time, traditionally the 12 months before the wedding ceremony when the couple are engaged or promised to each other.