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Flashcards in key words Deck (19)
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1

Act of attainder

An act passed by parliament against traitors, that took away their land and their families land

2

Alms

Money, food or other donations given as charity to the poor

3

Anti enclosure legislation

Laws designed to prevent the enclosure of common land

4

Arogonese faction

Supporters of Henry VIII's queen, Catherine of Aragon. After their divorce, a group of her followers put pressure on Henry to ensure that her daughter Mary Tudor was restored to the line of succession.

5

Armada

The naval invasion force sent by Phillip II of Spain to invade England in 1588.

6

Articles

A list of grievances drawn up by rebels.

7

Bailiffs

The agent of a landlord, responsible for running estates

8

Bigod's rising

The rising in 1537, marking the final part of the Pilgrimage of Grace. The number of rebels that rose were much smaller than in 1536, allowing Henry to crush the rebellion with ease and ignore his earlier promises

9

Act in restraint of appeals

passed in 1533- started to transfer the powers of the pope to the king, making him head of the church

10

act of six articles

upheld the catholic faith - remained in force until 1547

11

act of uniformity

an act that enforced the protestant prayer book - first introduced in 1549, modified in 1552/1559. imposed punishments on the people who did not conform

12

benefit of clergy

the priveledge of exemption from trial by a secular court, that was allowed in cases of felony to the clergy / anyone that could read a passage from the scriptures

13

bonds and recognisances

bond- written obligation binding one person to another (usually the crown) to perform a specialised action / pay a sum of money - a recongnisance aknowledged that someone was bound to fulfil a commitment.

14

bull of excommunication

in 1570 the pope issued a bull of excommunication, freeing catholics from obeying elizabeth / allowing them to overthrow her.

15

bonds of allegiance

financial / legal penalities imposed on rebels and anyone doubtful of allegiance.

16

cade's rebellion

jack cade led a revolt in kent that briefly occupied london, before being defeated in battle. the rebels were protesting at high tax / government incompetence.

17

catechism and prymer

catechism - a book of basic religious instructions in the form of questions and answers.
prymer - elementary book of religious instructions

18

chantries

chapels where prayers for the souls of the dead were said, abolished in 1547

19

commissions of array

authority given by the crown to nobles to raise troops