Key words for paper 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Key words for paper 3 Deck (36):
1

what is 'Annual Rainfall'

the amount of rainfall in a year measured in mm

2

what is 'Water Stress'

a period of time where the demand for water exceeds the amount available

3

what is 'Water efficient products'

products that use small amounts of water eg washing machines

4

what is 'Demand'

the amount of something that is required

5

what is 'Drought'

a period of time of very little/ no rainfall leading to water shortages

6

what is 'Enviromental Agency'

an organisation that manages the environment, incl water supply/flooding etc

7

what is 'Water supply'

the water supply in the area is the water that is collected and passed through pipes to buildings for people to use

8

what is 'water demand management'

a management approach which aims to conserve water by reducing demand. It involves using incentives to promote efficient and equitable use of water. It has the potential to incr water avaliablity through more efficient allocation and use

9

what is 'leakage'

water thats lost/can't be used eg due to leaking pipes

10

what is 'nonhoushold demand'

demand for water by industry

11

what is 'household demand'

demand for water from peoples homes

12

what is 'engineering projects'

projects such as building dams and water transfer schemes

13

what is 'drought-prone regions'

areas that are likely to experience drought eg.South East UK

14

what is 'hose-pipe bans'

a strategy to reduce water demand - hose pipes are banned in gardens

15

what is 'water rich areas'

areas of high rainfall (Western UK)

16

what is 'water deficit'

a lack of water- where demand is higher than supply eg SE England

17

what is 'water surplus'

an excess of water- where supply is higher than demand eg NW England

18

what is 'water transfer'

the movement of water from areas of surplus to areas of deficit through pipes, canals and rivers

19

what is 'reservoir'

a man-made lake built to contain water. Involves building a dam and flooding land

20

what is 'alleviate'

to reduce something

21

what is 'embankment'

a man-made raised bank built around a reservoir to incurs the capacity

22

what is 'thames basin'

the area around the thames river which is densely populated

23

what is 'evaporation'

loss of water into the atmosphere due to the suns energy

24

what is 'transpiration'

the evaporation of water water from the plants leaves into the atmosphere

25

what is 'domestic water use'

use of water in peoples homes

26

what is 'offset'

to counter the effect of something

27

what is 'cisterns'

the flushing mechanism in a toilet

28

what is 'building regulations'

rules that developers need to follow then building new changing buildings

29

what is 'thames water'

the company that manages the water supply in thames basin

30

what is 'sustainable water supplies'

water supplies that meet the needs of the present without compromising future generations

31

what is 'seasonal precipitation'

varying rainfall over the year

32

what is 'shortfall of water'

a deficit/ lack of water, due to more demand then supply

33

what is 'wetlands'

areas of land that are wet and have high biodiversity

34

what is 'trout fishery '

a place where trout are reed for recreational or business reasons

35

what is 'desalination plants'

a factory where salt is removed from salt water in order to make the water sustainable for drinking and irrigation

36

what is 'water security'

the ability to access sufficient quantities of clean water to maintain adequate standards of food and goods production, proper sanitation, and sustainable health care