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Flashcards in Tropical Rainforest Deck (19):
1

at what latitude do we find deserts

~30 degrees N/S air sinks so no clouds form

2

describe the role of decomposers in ecosystems

they break down dead organic matter- return ntrients into soils

3

give an example of an interdependent relationship in the tropical rainforests ecosystem

Litter-dead organic matter eg. fallen leaves

4

give one example of abitoic feature of ecosystems

soil/rock

5

give one example of local scale change to ecosystems

flooding/droughts

6

give one reason why why sould protect tropical rainforests more sustainably

-medicine/resources
-biodiversity

7

name one cause of deforestation in malaysia

-mineral extraction
-Logging (illeagal/legal)

8

name one economic benefit of deforestation in malaysia

raw materials/ valuable minerals

9

name one environmental benefit of deforestation in malaysia

contributes to climate change

10

name one way animals have adapted to the rainforest

strong limbs- so they can live in the canopy and climb eg monkeys
nocturnal- active at night when its cooler
camoflage- to hide from predators

11

name one way plants have adapted to the rainforest

buttress roots- to stabalise tall trees
fast growing- to reach sunlight

12

name the four layers of the rainforest from tallest to shortest

emergents - canopy - understory - shrub layer/forest floor

13

What are the goods of a rainforest

Things that can be obtained directly
eg. medicine/ water

14

what are the services of a rainforest

They are the benefits offered to both poeple and enviroment
eg. air purification/ biodiversity

15

what is meant by nutrient cycling

the way nutrients move through an ecosystem eg. nutrients in soil - producers - consumers

16

what is meant by the biotic features of an ecosystem

the living parts of an ecosystem

17

what is the climate like in tropical rainforests

warm and wet conditions all year round (close to the equator) and high rainfal

18

what is the name of the process which means soils in rainforests have very few nutrients

leaching

19

whats the rate of deforestation in the Malaysia rainforest

Faster than anywhere else in the world
200-2013 lost area larger than Denmark
-timber
-cattle ranching
-productions of rubber and palmoil