Kinesiology Flashcards Preview

Massage Therapy > Kinesiology Flashcards > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kinesiology Flashcards Deck (67)
Loading flashcards...
1

Sternocleidomastoid

Action

Unilaterally:
Laterally flex the head and neck to the same side.
Rotate the head and neck to the opposite side.

Bilaterally:
Flex the neck.
Assist to elevate the ribcage during inhalation.

2

Sternocleidomastoid

Origin

Sternal Head:
Top of manubrium.

Clavicle Head:
Medial one-third of the clavicle.

3

Sternocleidomastoid

Insertion

Mastoid process of temporal bone and the lateral portion of superior nuchal line of occiput.

4

All Scalenes

Action

Unilaterally:
With ribs fixed, laterally flex the head and the neck to the same side. (All)

Bilaterally:
Elevate the ribs during inhalation. (All)
Flex the head and neck. (Anterior)

5

Anterior Scalene

Origin

Transverse process of third through sixth cervical vertebrae. (Anterior Tubicles)

6

Anterior Scalene

Insertion

First rib.

7

Middle Scalene

Origin

Transverse processes of second through 7th cervical vertebrae. (Posterior Tubercles)

8

Middle Scalene

Insertion

First rib.

9

Posterior Scalene

Origin

Transverse processes of sixth and seventh cervical vertebrae. (Posterior Tubercles)

10

Posterior Scalene

Insertion

Second rib.

11

Biceps Brachii

Action

Flex the elbow. (Humeroulnar Joint)
Supinate the forearm. (Radioulnar Joints)
Flex the shoulder. (Glenohumeral Joint)

12

Biceps Brachii

Origin

Short Head:
Coracoid process of scapula.

Long Head:
Supraglenoid tubercle of scapula.

13

Biceps Brachii

Insertion

Tuberosity of the raduis and aponeurosis of the buceps brachii.

14

Triceps Brachii

Action

All Heads:
Extend the elbow. (Humeroulnar Joint)

Long Head:
Extend the shoulder. (Glenohumeral Joint)
Adduct the shoulder. (G/H Joint)

15

Triceps Brachii

Origin

Long Head:
Infraglenoid tubercle of the scapula.

Lateral Head:
Posterier surface of the proximal half of the humerus.

Medial Head:
Posterior surface of distal half of humerus.

16

Triceps Brachii

Insertion

Olecranon process of the ulna.

17

Deltoid

Action

All Fibers:
Abduct the shoulder. (Glenohumeral Joint)

Anterior Fibers:
Flex the shoulder. (G/H Joint)
Medially rotate the shoulder. (G/H Joint)
Horizontally adduct the shoulder. (G/H Joint)

Posterior Fibers:
Extend the shoulder. (G/H Joint)
Laterally rotate the shoulder. (G/H joint)
Horizontally abduct the shoulder. (G/H Joint)

18

Deltoid

Origin

Lateral one-third of the clavicle, arcomion and spine of scapula.

19

Deltoid

Insertion

Deltoid tuberosity.

20

Latissimus Dorsi

Action

Extend the shoulder. (Glenohumeral Joint)
Adduct the shoulder. (G/H Joint)
Medially rotate the shoulder. (G/H Joint)

21

Latissimus Dorsi

Origin

Inferior angle of the scapula, spineous processes of the last 6 ribs thoracic vertebrae, last three or four ribs, thoracolumbar fascia and posterior illiac crest.

22

Latissimus Dorsi

Insertion

Intertubercular groove of the humerus.

23

Pectoralis Major

Action

All Fibers:
Adduct the shoulder. (Glenohumeral Joint)
Medially rotate the shoulder. (G/H Joint)
Assist the elevate the thorax during forced inhalation. (With the arm fixed)

Upper Fibers:
Flex the shoulder. (G/H Joint)
Horizontally Adduct the shoulder. (G/H Joint)

Lower Fibers:
Extends the shoulder. (G/H Joint)

24

Pectoralis Major

Origin

Medial half of the clavicle, sternum and cartilage of first through sixth ribs.

25

Pectoralis Major

Insertion

Crest of greater tubercle of humerus.

26

Supraspinatus

Action

Abduct the shoulder. (G/H Joint)
Stabilize the head of the humerus in the glenoid cavity.

27

Supraspinatus

Origin

Supraspinous fossa of the scapula.

28

Supraspinatus

Insertion

Greater tubercle of the humerus.

29

Infraspinatus

Action

Laterally rotate the shoulder. (G/H Joint)
Adduct the shoulder. (G/H Joint)
Stabilize the head of the humerus in the glenoid cavity.

30

Infraspinatus

Origin

Infraspinous fossa of the scapula.