Flashcards in Kingdom Of Mali (mansa) Deck (37):
Where did the kingdom of Mali follow Ghana as a major civilization ? 🐥
In West Africa 🌍
How was Malis economy created ? 🚩
The taxation of gold and salt merchants 🍚
What was sunditas capital ? ☄
Who was the next great ruler of sundiata ? 🌠
Mansa Musa 📍
What religion did they follow ? 📒
When were camels brought into the desert ? 🖌
What did the use of camels make it possible to do ? 📤
Travel from Kush to West Africa ⛺️
Why were camels the perfect answer ? 🏁
*carry heavy loads
* move things over sand
*cushions under feet (protection)
*slender legs help move easily across desert
*go without water - long periods of time
*if treated well - very cooperative
*eat hard the hard thorny bushes ( ❌ buck/sheep)
*winter - 50 days
*summer - 5 days
*run very fast on level ground
What happens if camels don't drink enough water.
Their eyes fill with tears, they refuse to eat and complain. If they try urinate and they can't it is vital that they get water ASAP
What will happen if the camel dehydrates ?
The hump will disappear
What happens if the hump disappears ?
All the camels life sustaining nutrients will be lost
Where did villages appear ?
Wherever there was an oasis - along grans Saharan trade routes
What is the Sahara desert ?
BIG - biggest in the world
HOT - reaches 55 degrees Celsius
DRY - annual 70mm - v. Wide spread
What is an oasis ?
Wet resting place, small piece of desert that is fed by underground streams of water
Who patrolled the gold mines ?
Why was the kingdom f Mali so rich ?
The gold and salt mines
Why did traders always stop in Mali ?
They knew there was excellent trading, culture and safety to be done there
What was transported to the north ?
Slaves and gold
What was transported to the south ?
Salt weapons horses and shells
How did Islamic faith spread through Africa ?
Schools were built and spiritual leaders aimed to convert local leaders to Islamic faith
What does "Mansa" mean ?
How did Mansa Musa behave ?
In the exact way his people believed a very rich king should
When he left the palace who did he take with him ?
60 000 followers ( 13000 servants ) and 300 guards
Where did Mansa go and why ?
The holy city of Mecca because Muslim law requires that everyone who believes must make at least one trip in their life time
What did he take with on his journey ?
2 tones of gold !!
Ha many camels did he take and how much did they carry ?
80 camels, each bearing 50 - 300 pounds of gold
What did he build every Friday ?
Where were most architects brought from ?
What did he want to build ?
Mosques and madrases ( Islam schools )
Who built the mosque ?
Abu Es Haq Saheli
What are timbuktus manuscripts proof of ?
The level of development and refined civilization in Sub-Sahara Africa
What do they give evidence of ?
Subjects - maths, chemistry, physics, astrology, medicine, history, geography +++
How many manuscripts are there ?
How are they ruined or taken away ?
Termites and insects - eat
Weather conditions - dust
And they're sold to tourists in exchange for food
What is SA involved ?
SA have committed themselves to aid the preservation of the manuscripts. They're in charge of building a library for the manuscripts
How is timbuk2 losing its wealth ?
> other trade routes have been found
> European traders - easier by ship
>the journey through the desert was no longer necessary