Kingdom Of Mali (mansa) Flashcards Preview

Beccy History Gr7 πŸ’«πŸŒπŸ₯ > Kingdom Of Mali (mansa) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kingdom Of Mali (mansa) Deck (37):
1

Where did the kingdom of Mali follow Ghana as a major civilization ? πŸ₯

In West Africa 🌍

2

How was Malis economy created ? 🚩

The taxation of gold and salt merchants 🍚

3

What was sunditas capital ? β˜„

Niani πŸ”

4

Who was the next great ruler of sundiata ? 🌠

Mansa Musa πŸ“

5

What religion did they follow ? πŸ“’

Muslim β˜ͺ

6

When were camels brought into the desert ? πŸ–Œ

+-100BC πŸ—’

7

What did the use of camels make it possible to do ? πŸ“€

Travel from Kush to West Africa ⛺️

8

Why were camels the perfect answer ? 🏁

*carry heavy loads
* move things over sand
*cushions under feet (protection)
*slender legs help move easily across desert
*go without water - long periods of time
*if treated well - very cooperative
*eat hard the hard thorny bushes ( ❌ buck/sheep)
*winter - 50 days
*summer - 5 days
*run very fast on level ground

9

What happens if camels don't drink enough water.

Their eyes fill with tears, they refuse to eat and complain. If they try urinate and they can't it is vital that they get water ASAP

10

What will happen if the camel dehydrates ?

The hump will disappear

11

What happens if the hump disappears ?

All the camels life sustaining nutrients will be lost

12

Where did villages appear ?

Wherever there was an oasis - along grans Saharan trade routes

13

What is the Sahara desert ?

BIG - biggest in the world
HOT - reaches 55 degrees Celsius
DRY - annual 70mm - v. Wide spread

14

What is an oasis ?

Wet resting place, small piece of desert that is fed by underground streams of water

15

Who patrolled the gold mines ?

The army

16

Why was the kingdom f Mali so rich ?

The gold and salt mines

17

Why did traders always stop in Mali ?

They knew there was excellent trading, culture and safety to be done there

18

What was transported to the north ?

Slaves and gold

19

What was transported to the south ?

Salt weapons horses and shells

20

How did Islamic faith spread through Africa ?

Schools were built and spiritual leaders aimed to convert local leaders to Islamic faith

21

What does "Mansa" mean ?

Kinggg πŸ‘‘

22

How did Mansa Musa behave ?

In the exact way his people believed a very rich king should

23

When he left the palace who did he take with him ?

60 000 followers ( 13000 servants ) and 300 guards

24

Where did Mansa go and why ?

The holy city of Mecca because Muslim law requires that everyone who believes must make at least one trip in their life time

25

What did he take with on his journey ?

2 tones of gold !!

26

Ha many camels did he take and how much did they carry ?

80 camels, each bearing 50 - 300 pounds of gold

27

What did he build every Friday ?

A mosque

28

Where were most architects brought from ?

Cairo

29

What did he want to build ?

Mosques and madrases ( Islam schools )

30

Who built the mosque ?

Abu Es Haq Saheli

31

What are timbuktus manuscripts proof of ?

The level of development and refined civilization in Sub-Sahara Africa

32

What do they give evidence of ?

Subjects - maths, chemistry, physics, astrology, medicine, history, geography +++

33

How many manuscripts are there ?

700 000

34

How are they ruined or taken away ?

Termites and insects - eat
Weather conditions - dust
And they're sold to tourists in exchange for food

35

What is SA involved ?

SA have committed themselves to aid the preservation of the manuscripts. They're in charge of building a library for the manuscripts

36

How is timbuk2 losing its wealth ?

> other trade routes have been found
> European traders - easier by ship
>the journey through the desert was no longer necessary

37

How did Mansa Musa destroy the economy ? ( journey to Mecca )

Prices reached an all time high, the value of gold depreciated because there was no longer a demand for it