Flashcards in Slave Trade ⛺️🔥✨🐥☄ Deck (45):
What is a slave ?
Someone who is forced to work for another person without being paid
What happened between the 15th and 19th century ?
Millions of Africans were taken across the Atlantic to the Americas as slaves
What part of Africa were slaves not taken from ?
South africaaaaa ☄
Why were people made slaves ?
In warfare, kidnapped, committed crimes or couldn't pay their debts
Were all slaves treated badly ?
No - some owners treated them very well
How did equiano buy his freedom ?
He was captured by slaves and taken to the West Indies were he eventually bought his freedom
When did human trade grow ?
2nd half of the eighteenth century
What did slaves carry ?
Ivory and other goods from the interior to the east coast ( Kilwa )
Where was cheap labor needed and for what ?
Clove plantations - Zanzibar and Pemba
French coffee and sugar plantations - Mauritius and reunion
What happened in the 1460s
The Portuguese became important explorers and traders around the world
What did they set up ?
Trading posts around the coast of Africa
What did they discover I the early 1500s
Found an area growing spices that people couldn't easily buy in Europe
What were the spices grown ?
Nutmeg, pepper , cloves
What was the land called ?
The spice islands
How long did the Portuguese control the spice trade ?
Nearly 100 years
What spice trade did they control ?
Between the East Indies and Europe
What did the Dutch east India company encourage ?
The growing of tea, coffee , sugar and tobacco on the islands
How long did the trains Atlantic slave trade last ?
What happened in the 15th century ?
Portuguese sailed down the west coast of Africa
What did they build ?
A flourishing trade in gold and ivory so there was no longer a big demand for slaves
What happened in 1942
Christopher Columbus sailed across the Atlantic Ocean looking for a sea route to India
Where did he think he reached ?
Where had he actually found and what did he call it ?
When did the demand for slaves increase ?
When European settlers began to conquer north and South America
What did the colonies provide ?
Land that was ideal for growing crops
Which crops was the land ideal for growing
Sugar, cotton and tobacco
Which countries were taking part in the slave trade ?
Denmark, Sweden , Portugal, Britain , France , Spain , Holland
What happened once slaves were captured ?
They were chained together around the neck and ankles and forced to walk to slave ports on the west coast
How did slaves die ?
Disease or ill treatment
What were they held in and until when ?
Barracoons until they were sold to European traders
What did European traders trade for slaves ?
Cloth,shells,guns,alcohol and iron
Why were slaves branded ?
So that the buyer could be sure he had what he'd paid for , to know which ones are his
What was life on a slave ship like ?
~ over crowded
~ hardly any light or fresh air
~poor food and sanitation
~ disease spread easily - overcrowded
~ the bad sanitation and body odor left a bad smell in the ship
When did the Portuguese visit the southern tip of Africa ?
Who sailed round the cape ?
When was the DEIC formed
What was their goal ?
They wanted to gain control of the Portuguese spice trade
Who did they send and what were his instructions ?
Jan van riebeek - to set up a refreshment station for ships sailing to the east , to build a fort and small hospital for sick sailers, to build a vegetable garden and buy sheep and cattle from the Khoikhoi
When was slavery introduced to the cape ?
Where did most slaves work ?
Farms - planting, weeding or looking after live stock
What happened in 1823 ?
The government passed a law saying that all slaves are to be given 1 pound of meat and bread and half a pound of rice every day
When was the first day of freedom for cape slaves ?
1 December 1838
Did this mean all slaves were freed ?
No it just meant that no one was allowed to buy and sell new slaves
What were the 2 arguments for emancipating slaves ?
1 - slavery was cruel and inhuman
2 - slavery was to expensive