Slave Trade ⛺️πŸ”₯✨πŸ₯β˜„ Flashcards Preview

Beccy History Gr7 πŸ’«πŸŒπŸ₯ > Slave Trade ⛺️πŸ”₯✨πŸ₯β˜„ > Flashcards

Flashcards in Slave Trade ⛺️πŸ”₯✨πŸ₯β˜„ Deck (45):
1

What is a slave ?

Someone who is forced to work for another person without being paid

2

What happened between the 15th and 19th century ?

Millions of Africans were taken across the Atlantic to the Americas as slaves

3

What part of Africa were slaves not taken from ?

South africaaaaa β˜„

4

Why were people made slaves ?

In warfare, kidnapped, committed crimes or couldn't pay their debts

5

Were all slaves treated badly ?

No - some owners treated them very well

6

How did equiano buy his freedom ?

He was captured by slaves and taken to the West Indies were he eventually bought his freedom

7

When did human trade grow ?

2nd half of the eighteenth century

8

What did slaves carry ?

Ivory and other goods from the interior to the east coast ( Kilwa )

9

Where was cheap labor needed and for what ?

Clove plantations - Zanzibar and Pemba
French coffee and sugar plantations - Mauritius and reunion

10

What happened in the 1460s

The Portuguese became important explorers and traders around the world

11

What did they set up ?

Trading posts around the coast of Africa

12

What did they discover I the early 1500s

Found an area growing spices that people couldn't easily buy in Europe

13

What were the spices grown ?

Nutmeg, pepper , cloves

14

What was the land called ?

The spice islands

15

How long did the Portuguese control the spice trade ?

Nearly 100 years

16

What spice trade did they control ?

Between the East Indies and Europe

17

What did the Dutch east India company encourage ?

The growing of tea, coffee , sugar and tobacco on the islands

18

How long did the trains Atlantic slave trade last ?

+-200 years

19

What happened in the 15th century ?

Portuguese sailed down the west coast of Africa

20

What did they build ?

A flourishing trade in gold and ivory so there was no longer a big demand for slaves

21

What happened in 1942

Christopher Columbus sailed across the Atlantic Ocean looking for a sea route to India

22

Where did he think he reached ?

India

23

Where had he actually found and what did he call it ?

America
The indies

24

When did the demand for slaves increase ?

When European settlers began to conquer north and South America

25

What did the colonies provide ?

Land that was ideal for growing crops

26

Which crops was the land ideal for growing

Sugar, cotton and tobacco

27

Which countries were taking part in the slave trade ?

Denmark, Sweden , Portugal, Britain , France , Spain , Holland

28

What happened once slaves were captured ?

They were chained together around the neck and ankles and forced to walk to slave ports on the west coast

29

How did slaves die ?

Disease or ill treatment

30

What were they held in and until when ?

Barracoons until they were sold to European traders

31

What did European traders trade for slaves ?

Cloth,shells,guns,alcohol and iron

32

Why were slaves branded ?

So that the buyer could be sure he had what he'd paid for , to know which ones are his

33

What was life on a slave ship like ?

~ over crowded
~ hardly any light or fresh air
~poor food and sanitation
~ disease spread easily - overcrowded
~ the bad sanitation and body odor left a bad smell in the ship

34

When did the Portuguese visit the southern tip of Africa ?

1487

35

Who sailed round the cape ?

Bartholomeu Diaz

36

When was the DEIC formed

1700s

37

What was their goal ?

They wanted to gain control of the Portuguese spice trade

38

Who did they send and what were his instructions ?

Jan van riebeek - to set up a refreshment station for ships sailing to the east , to build a fort and small hospital for sick sailers, to build a vegetable garden and buy sheep and cattle from the Khoikhoi

39

When was slavery introduced to the cape ?

1657

40

Where did most slaves work ?

Farms - planting, weeding or looking after live stock

41

What happened in 1823 ?

The government passed a law saying that all slaves are to be given 1 pound of meat and bread and half a pound of rice every day

42

When was the first day of freedom for cape slaves ?

1 December 1838

43

Did this mean all slaves were freed ?

No it just meant that no one was allowed to buy and sell new slaves

44

What were the 2 arguments for emancipating slaves ?

1 - slavery was cruel and inhuman
2 - slavery was to expensive

45

Why was slavery to expensive ?

It cost a lot of money to buy and keep slaves