Kingdom Plantae - Introduction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Kingdom Plantae - Introduction Deck (17)
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0
Q

A group of land plants without xylem and phloem?

A

Non-vascular plants

1
Q

What are the 2 groups of land plants?

A

Vascular and Non vascular

2
Q

What are vascular plants?

A

Group of land plants with xylem and phloem

3
Q

What is the dominant generation of non-vascular plants

A

Gametophyte (n)

4
Q

Dominant generation of vascular plants?

A

Sporophyte (2n)

5
Q

What are the non-vascular plants?

A

Bryophyta (mosses)
Hepaticophyta (liverworts)
Anthocerophyta (hornworts)

6
Q

What are the SEEDLESS vascular plants?

A

Psilophyta (whiskferns)
Lycophyta (club mosses)
Equisetophyta (horse tails)
Pterophyta (ferns)

7
Q

What are the SEEDED vascular plants?

A

Gymnosperms and Angiosperms

8
Q

What are gymnosperms?

A
  • non flowering seeded plants
  • naked seeds

Coniferophyta (pines and conifers)
Cycadophyta (cycads)
Gingkophyta (gingkoes, living fossils and maiden hair tree)
Gnetophyta (gnetoes)

9
Q

What are angiosperms?

A
  • flowering plants
  • fruit enclosed seed

Monocots and eudicots

10
Q

What is the localized region of cell division at tips of shoots and roots

A

Apical meristem

11
Q

Gametophore

A

Leafy stem in Bryophyta

12
Q

What are produced in the sporangium?

A

Spores

13
Q

What produce gametes?

A

Gametangia

14
Q

Archegonium

A

Produce eggs

Looks like an umbrella

15
Q

Antheridium

A

Produce sperms

Looks like a flower

16
Q

Is the sporophyte dependent on the gametophyte?

A

Yes