Kirsteen opth. Flashcards Preview

Opthalmology > Kirsteen opth. > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kirsteen opth. Deck (12):
1

What is a stye??

Blockage of:

Glands of moll - sweat

Glands of zeis - sebum

These open directly onto lash follicle and get blocked = stye

2

What are the internal glands of the eye?

meibomian glands

3

What is the treatment of a stye or blepharitis?

not infected:
-hot compress (open up pore)
-baby shampoo wash

Infected:
-add fusidic acid (antibioticc drops)

4

What is a pinguecula?

-degenerative vascular yellow grade nodule on the conjunctiva either side of iris (scarring) caused by increased sun exposure
-can get inflamed
-can give steroids
-v. rarely can invade cornea - need surgery

5

What is an entropion?

inturning of lashes

6

What is an ectropion?

outturning of lashes
-assoc. with facial palsy and increasing age
-dry eyes causing watery eyes

7

what is Lagophthalmus

Lagophthalmos is defined as the inability to close the eyelids completely. Blinking covers the eye with a thin layer of tear fluid, thereby promoting a moist environment necessary for the cells of the exterior part of the eye.
-lubricate eyes
-tape eyes shut

8

Side effect acyclovir

-hepatitis and renal failure

9

What is acute dacrocystitis

inflammation of lacrimal duct
-if baby give lacrimal duct massage
-if acute due to cellulitis - abiotic
-if chronic - lacrimal sac distends/discharges into eye and duct may become dilated and blocked
-if permenently blocked dactocytorhinostomy - rencanalation of duct

10

dacroadenitis - what is this?

inflammation of lacrimal gland
-viral/bacterial:
-measle mumps influenzae
-pain and swelling

11

what antibody is in your secretion?

igA

12

What is dry eye syndrome?

keratoconjunctivitis sicca
-excess evaporation of tears
-inadequate production of tears