Flashcards in Kirsteen opth. Deck (12):
What is a stye??
Glands of moll - sweat
Glands of zeis - sebum
These open directly onto lash follicle and get blocked = stye
What are the internal glands of the eye?
What is the treatment of a stye or blepharitis?
-hot compress (open up pore)
-baby shampoo wash
-add fusidic acid (antibioticc drops)
What is a pinguecula?
-degenerative vascular yellow grade nodule on the conjunctiva either side of iris (scarring) caused by increased sun exposure
-can get inflamed
-can give steroids
-v. rarely can invade cornea - need surgery
What is an entropion?
inturning of lashes
What is an ectropion?
outturning of lashes
-assoc. with facial palsy and increasing age
-dry eyes causing watery eyes
what is Lagophthalmus
Lagophthalmos is defined as the inability to close the eyelids completely. Blinking covers the eye with a thin layer of tear fluid, thereby promoting a moist environment necessary for the cells of the exterior part of the eye.
-tape eyes shut
Side effect acyclovir
-hepatitis and renal failure
What is acute dacrocystitis
inflammation of lacrimal duct
-if baby give lacrimal duct massage
-if acute due to cellulitis - abiotic
-if chronic - lacrimal sac distends/discharges into eye and duct may become dilated and blocked
-if permenently blocked dactocytorhinostomy - rencanalation of duct
dacroadenitis - what is this?
inflammation of lacrimal gland
-measle mumps influenzae
-pain and swelling
what antibody is in your secretion?