Knowledge and Doubt - Descartes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Knowledge and Doubt - Descartes Deck (7)
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1

What were Descartes' aims?

To find something firm and lasting in the sciences.
To prove God beyond doubt.
To create a rationalist alternative to Aristotle's empiricism.
To unify all knowledge claims.

2

What was Descartes' rigorous, shortcut approach?

To attack the foundations on which his former knowledge claims lay.

3

What was Descartes' method?

To raze all his knowledge to the ground and begin again from the foundations.

4

What did Descartes' rigorous shortcut demand he do?

To never trust wholly in those who have deceived us even once.

5

What knowledge did Descartes get rid of first?

Empirical/sense/a posteriori knowledge.

6

How did Descartes' push scepticism to its limit?

Using the evil deceiver.

7

Why is the dream argument weak?

Because we can know when we are awake - dreams don't follow a linear timeline and strange things happen, that do not happen when we are awake.