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Flashcards in Kumon I - 文法 Deck (58):
1

And then

So

But

そして

だから

しかし

2

For example

However

And

たとえば

けれども

それから

3

Nevertheless

Because

Now

ところが

なぜなら

さて

4

More appropriate between A and B

AそれともB

5

No matter how

Degree of action followed by negative

いくら〜ても

6

Making assumption

Even if

たとえ〜でも

7

Assumption. After a future event

Short past + ら

8

When. During past event

Short past + ら

9

The more you do (action)

V-れば-short form v-ほど

Conditional verb + short form verb + hodo

10

If one only does (action)

NounさえVーえば

Noun plus sae plus conditional form or verb

11

Since one has (actioned)

Short past+からには

12

It isn't (x), instead...

Dict form 〜どころか

13

Even though

せっかく(short past form)のに

14

Even if

(short form)からとい

15

About to do something

Dict form+ところだ

16

Just done something

Short Past+ところだ

17

Now doing

ている form+ところだ

18

Almost but didn't do something

Dictionary form +ところだった

19

Should

Dictionary form + べきだ

20

Shouldn't do something

Dictionary form +べきではない

21

It is natural that

Dictionary form+わけだ

22

Doesn't necessarily

Short form +わけではない

なadjective - keep な

23

In addition

And then

That is why

それに

すると

それで

24

It is certain that (one will do)

いadjective
Verb

Non past of a verb or い-adjective + ものだ

25

One used to do
(Cherish the past)

Past tense of verb +ものだ

26

It's better to do/one should do

Dictionary form of verb + ことだ

27

Not need to do

Dictionary form + ことはない

28

I heard that ~

Short form of verb +ということだ

29

Not more than~/ Only ~

Noun +過ぎない

30

Keeps (verb)ing

Dictionary form of verb +一方だ

31

Is about to/ is occurring

Verb stem+つつある

32

Strong feeling. Self control is impossible

2 versions

1
てform plus たまらない

2
てform plusしかたない

Verbs take たくform - comes from たい

33

Uncontainable desire to do

て form plus しょうがない

Verbs take たくform - comes from たい

34

Not possible to do 〜 any more

Verb stem plus きれない

35

Will definitely

Dictionary form plus に決まっている

36

Action Must happen

Verb ないform plus ではすまない

37

Without a doubt

何々plus に違いない

38

Supposed to action

Dict form plus 事になっている

39

Cannot help doing action

ないstem plus ずにはいられない

40

Impossible to do

ない or Dict form plus わけにはいかない

41

No choice but to

Dict form plus よりほかない

42

No alternative but to

ない form plus ざるを得ない

するーー>せざるを得ない

43

Passive Causative Form


Not kidding. Just smush

Passive form A は B に〜

うーverb
Change う to あ and add される


るーverbs
Replace る with させられる

44

Strong feeling. Self control is impossible

2 versions

1
てform plus たまらない

2
てform plusしかたない

Verbs take たくform - comes from たい

45

Uncontainable desire to do

て form plus しょうがない

Verbs take たくform - comes from たい

46

Not possible to do 〜 any more

Verb stem plus きれない

47

Will definitely

Dictionary form plus に決まっている

48

Action Must happen

Verb ないform plus ではすまない

49

Without a doubt

何々plus に違いない

50

Supposed to action

Dict form plus 事になっている

51

Cannot help doing action

ないstem plus ずにはいられない

52

Impossible to do

ない or Dict form plus わけにはいかない

53

No choice but to

Dict form plus よりほかない

54

No alternative but to

ない form plus ざるを得ない

するーー>せざるを得ない

55

Passive Causative Form


Not kidding. Just smush

Passive form A は B に〜

うーverb
Change う to あ and add される


るーverbs
Replace る with させられる

56

Respectful form

Respectful forms are the same as passive forms.

う --> あれる

る --> られる

57

Please do

お-verb stem-ください

58

Will do (for someone)

お-verb stem-します