L1: Intro to Abnormal Psychology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in L1: Intro to Abnormal Psychology Deck (14):
1

What is abnormal psychology? Include four elements of the discipline.

The scientific study of mental disorders. Aim is to describe, understand causation and maintenance, and identify effective treatment.

2

Historically, how were mental disorders understood prior to the rise of the psychoanalytic model?

Thought to be one or a few kinds of madness/insanity.

- Severe symptoms similar to what we'd consider psychosis, schizophrenia or dementia today.

- anxiety, depression etc. not consider forms of mental disorder, but part of the personality.

3

How have the quantity of patients and workers in the mental health care professions changed over the past century?

- historically only a small number of people were treated for mental health issues in insane asylums. Workers were doctors or untrained alienists.

- now the definition of mental illness has expanded to encompass a larger proportion of the public. There are large number of professions, eg. psychologists, counsellors, social workers etc. working in the field.

4

Why is the number of people seeking treatment not an accurate estimate of the number of people meeting criteria for a mental disorder?

Treatment seeking depends on financial and cultural factors, knowledge, education, beliefs

5

What are three measures of prevalence used in psychiatric epidemiology?

Point prevalence, one year prevalence and lifetime prevalence.

6

Define point prevalence.

How many people have disorder X at the point the survey is conducted.

7

Define one year prevalence.

How many people have had disorder X in a one year period.

8

Define lifetime prevalence.

How many people have had disorder X in the course of their entire lifetime.

9

What is incidence?

What percentage of people will newly develop disorder X within a given time period.

10

What is the lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in adults?

32-48%.

11

What is the lifetime prevalence of mental disorders before age 21?

35-49%

12

What is the lifetime prevalence of any mental disorder in the general population?

45%

13

Approximately what fraction of people who met diagnostic criteria for a mental disorder sought treatment?

1/3rd.

14

What are the four general criteria a mental disorder must meet in the DSM?

- there must be a clinically significant behavioral or psychological pattern

- associated with current distress or disability, or a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom

- can't be a culturally sanctioned or expected response to an event

- whatever the original cause, must currently be a manifestation of biological, psychological or behavioral dysfunction in the individual.