Flashcards in L1 mental history Deck (11):
Hippocrates Model: priHippocrates Model: prior to body dissection. or to body dissection.
ancient greek humeral theory
- phlegm, black bile, blood, yellow bile
how late 1800 treat depression
alcohol + cocaine
how cannabis used in history
anxiety and as a hypnotic since ancient time
how opium used in history
melancholy and anxiety since ancient greek
modern day health definition
"Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" - WHO
define mental health WHO
mental health is defined as a state of well-being in which every individual realizes his or her own potential, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to her or his community (WHO,2014)
define mental illness
a clinically recognizable set of symptoms or behaviors associated in most cases with distress and interference with personal functions (ICD 10).
- Engel criticized the dualistic nature of the biomedical model, with its separation of body and mind.
› Especiallythetendencyto emphasise the body as more “real” and therefore more ‘worthy’.
Engel criticised an overly reductionistic orientation of medical thinking that suggested anything that could not be objectively verified at the level of cellular and molecular processes was ignored or devalued.
Engel criticised the lack of consideration given to the influence of the assessor on the assessed.
› Engel believed we can’t understand a system from the inside without disturbing the system in some way. In that way.
› Engel provided a rationale for including the human dimension of the physician and the patient as a legitimate focus for scientific study.