L1 - Principles in PT - Musculo Pathology Flashcards Preview

PT 514 Musculo Rehab > L1 - Principles in PT - Musculo Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in L1 - Principles in PT - Musculo Pathology Deck (42):
0

take charge or control of, care for

management

1

individuals who have a pathology that a PT must treat

patient

2

individuals who engage PT services for consultation, prof advice, health/wellness

client

3

guidelines of rights and wrong in pt

principles

4

a musculoskeletal pathology does not mean it is the only blank involved

system

5

a good balance of these three domains to be successful in PT

cognitive, psychomotor, affective

6

history examination includes a blank

review of systems

7

physical examination includes a blank

systems review (tests/measures)

8

two elements of a pt examination

history exam, physical exam

9

systematic gathering of data

history

10

use data from history to form hypothesis of the blank

diagnosis

11

history is obtained during blank, but may be augmented by blank

interview, questionnaires

12

three data generated from history

demographics, social/family history, employment, living environment, current and past functional status, expectations, complaints, past medical interventions

13

patient therapist history interview.... three components

first impressions, listen, appropriate to age/gender/culture, may lead to diagnosis, open ended to closed ended

14

interview approach that guides discussion and patient expresses what they feel... builds rapport

open ended

15

patient history interview includes these five things

past medical history, past surgical history, medications, risk factors/co morbidities, patients opinion and thoughts

16

brief screening procedure that provides information about the bodily system involved in the patient's current condition or health

systems review

17

a systems review helps identify possible health problems that require blank to other blank

referral, healthcare providers

18

five cases to use a scan or screen examination

no trauma history, suspected referred/radicular symptoms, doubting location of pathology, altered sensation, unusual pattern of symptoms

19

three things ROM examination should determine

quantity of arom/prom, quality, symptom provocation

20

three reasons for limited arom

active muscle dysfunction like plain weakness, passive motion restriction, joint instability

21

three reasons for limited prom

passive insufficiency like ligament, instrarticular obstruction like torn cartilage, muscle guarding like apprehension

22

three normal end feels

firm, soft, hard

23

4 abnormal end feels

soft, hard, firm, empty (cannot assess due to pain or very loose joint)

24

two reasons for pain provocation

compressive load, tensile load

25

if arom is full and pain free then prom blank be performed

may not have to

26

prom will not be painful if there is blank in the bicep but arom will be painful

tendonitis

27

three muscle performance factors

strength, power, endurance

28

three contraction types

eccentric, isometric, concentric

29

manual muscle testing tests blank

strength

30

isometric brake testing tests blank

nerve root

31

strong and painless isometric testing result

normal contractile unit

32

strong and painful isometric testing result

minor involvement of tendonitis or muscle

33

weak and painful isometric testing result

more severe muscle or tendon lesion

34

weak and painless isometric testing result

complete muscle or tendon rupture/neuro problem

35

the mmt scale says that a blank is about 50% strength

3

36

motion that occurs between the joint surfaces (arthrokinematics)

joint play

37

motion that accompany active motion, but not under voluntary control (ex: upward rotation of the scapula with clavicular rotaiton)

component motion

38

joints should not move more than blank

4 mm

39

hyporeflexia means there is a problem with a blank neuron

lower motor

40

hyperreflexia means there is a problem with blank neuron

upper motor

41

regional tests designed to confirm whether or not a specific condition is present and often there are many for each condition

special tests