L19- Tumour classification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in L19- Tumour classification Deck (33):
1

What is a Benign tumour of Surface (non-glandular / non-secretory) epithelium called?

Papilloma

2

What is a papilloma?

Benign tumour of Surface (non-glandular / non-secretory)

3

What is a Benign tumour of Glandular (secretory) epithelium called?

Adenoma

4

What is an Adenoma?

Benign tumour of Glandular (secretory) epithelium

5

Benign epithelial tumours are then further classified: What is a Benign tumour of squamous epithelium e.g. skin?

SQUAMOUS CELL PAPILLOMA

6

Benign epithelial tumours are then further classified: Benign tumour of ductal epithelium of the pancreas?

PANCREATIC CYSTADENOMA

7

How would you name a tumour If it is from non-glandular / non-secretory surface epithelium?

(CELL TYPE) ................. PAPILLOMA

8

How would you name a tumour If it is from glandular / secretory / ductal epithelium?

(EPITHELIUM SOURCE) ................. ADENOMA

9

What are Malignant epithelial tumours are called ?

CARCINOMAS

10

Malignant epithelial tumours derived from glandular / ductular epithelium are called ...?

ADENO CARCINOMAS

11

What is the Benign nomenclature of: Stratified squamous epithelium?

Squamous cell papilloma

12

What is the Benign nomenclature of: Basal cells of the skin?

Basal cell papilloma

13

What is the Benign nomenclature of: Glandular epithelium of liver?

Liver cell adenoma

14

What is the Malignant nomenclature of: Stratified squamous?

Squamous cell carcinoma

15

What is the Malignant nomenclature of: Basal cells of the skin?

Basal cell carcinoma

16

What is the Malignant nomenclature of: Glandular epithelium of colon?

Colonic adenocarcinoma

17

What is the Malignant nomenclature of: Glandular epithelium of breast?

Breast adenocarcinoma

18

All benign mesenchymal tumours have the suffix ...

“-OMA”

19

Benign mesenchymal tumours: e.g smooth muscle and skeletal muscle...names

Smooth muscle = Leiomyo (prefix)

Skeletal muscle = rhabdomyo (prefix)

20

Malignant mesenchymal tumours are called ...?

SARCOMAS

21

Benign nomenclature of Benign mesenchymal tumours : smooth muscle...?

Leiomyoma

22

Benign nomenclature of Benign mesenchymal tumours:Cartilage...?

Chondroma

23

Malignant nomenclature of Malignant mesenchymal tumours : Smooth muscle...?

Leiomyosarcoma

24

Malignant nomenclature of Malignant mesenchymal tumours: Cartilage...?

Chondrosarcoma

25

What are Malignant tumour of melanocytes ?

Melanoma

26

Example of CNS tumours


Meningioma

Astrocytoma
-Glioblastoma multiforme

Oligoendroglioma

Ependymoma

Medulloblastoma

27

What are Germ cell tumours ?

Common in - gonads
Cells arise from germ cells.

28

Example of seminomatous tumour?

Eg seminoma

29

Examples of Non –seminomatous germ cells tumour

eg Teratoma (Teeth / hair / muscle / neural / cartilage)

30

Examples of Embryonal Tumours

Histological resemblance to
embryonic cells of that organ

RETINOBLASTOMA

NEPHROBLASTOMA (WILMS)

NEUROBLASTOMA

HEPATOBLASTOMA

31

Malignant tumours with benign names....?

Melanoma
Mesothelioma
Myeloma
Lymphoma

32

What is a HAMARTOMA?

benign, focal malformation that resembles a neoplasm in the tissue of its origin.

This is not a malignant tumor, and it grows at the same rate as the surrounding tissues.

It is composed of tissue elements normally found at that site, but which are growing in a disorganized mass.

33

What is a CHORISTOMA?

Nodules of organ parenchyma in another organ

E.g. normal (non-neoplastic) pancreas nodule in stomach