L4b - Cyclonic Comparison (Typhoon Haiyan) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in L4b - Cyclonic Comparison (Typhoon Haiyan) Deck (9)
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Why was the Typhoon so dangerous (characteristics)?

Category 5 on Saffir Simpson scale on 2nd Nov 2013


How did the Philippines track the typhoon?

They used data from Japan


How was the information communicated to the people?

PSWS - Public Storm Warning Signal
This warned the country, they thought it was a level 1 out of 4
As the typhoon moved closer it increased and warnings increased.


What did the government do in preparation?

- Those in risk of getting hit by a landslide or flood were evacuated
- Military sent planes and helicopters to regions at highest risk to help with aid
- Shelters were not built high enough to escape the 5m storm surge.


What caused the relief effort to be so slow?

Blocked roads, damaged airports, no electricity in some areas leaving places isolated for days.


Why was Tacloban so vulnerable and what happened there?

No electricity or lights, so only relief in daylight hours.
Relief was so focused on Tacloban that other areas were neglected and relief was even slower.


How much of the Philippines GDP was spent on DRR (disaster risk reduction)?

Only 0.28%


How did the access to clean water affect the recovery?

Only 95% had access so there was contamination, the lack of doctors (1.15/thousand), means more people were hit with disease.


How did the literacy rate affect preparation?

48% literacy rates meant people could not read the signs and warnings.