LA FINAL Flashcards Preview

LA 1203 > LA FINAL > Flashcards

Flashcards in LA FINAL Deck (154):
1

Which two men are depicted in the painting?

a. Thomas Cole (red coat) b. William Cullen Bryant, poet c. Ledge above Kaaterskill Cove in the Catskills of New York

1

Which characteristics does Henry David Thoreau have that allow him to fit the mold of poster child?

a. He rebelled against the status order of society b. Came up with civil disobedience c. Supported John Brown d. Harper’s Ferry e. His writings on civil disobedience went to Gandhi and Rev. Martin Luther King Jr f. Protection of Nature g. All people are one

1

What did Charles Dickens write that is very seasonal right now?

a. A Christmas Carol

2

Who wrote Factories in Lowell Massachusetts?

a. Charles Dickens

3

Which painting is this? (2 men standing over a cliff)

a. “Kindred Spirits”

4

What is the Zone system of photography?

a. Blackest black to whitest white b. Most detail possible c. Coming up in the middle is gray and exposing it

4

Who wrote Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs and Conditions of North American Indians in 1841?

a. George Catlin

5

What is “The Course of Empire: The Pastoral or Arcadian State” about?

b. Man manipulating the land

6

What was the size of Henry David Thoreau’s cabin at Walden Pond?

a. 10x15 ft

6

Survey system in Louisiana?

a. South French long lots b. North townships

7

Who said, “We live this earth as a newborn loves its mothers heart beat. If we sell you our land, care for it as we have cared for it?”

a. Chief Seattle

9

Who is the Franklinia Alatamaha named for? Who found it and where was it found?

a. Benjamin Franklin b. William and John Bartram c. Along the Alathamaha River in Georgia d. It is also called “the Lost Tree”

10

What year did the Louisiana Purchase take place?

a. 1803

10

Who wrote Nature?

a. Ralph Waldo Emerson

10

Who said, “How can you buy the sky, how can you own the rain and the wind?”

a. Chief Seattle

11

What did Bob Marshall do?

a. He wanted all forests in public control b. He pushed to have Leopold a part of the group working toward wilderness protection

11

Which university did John Muir attend?

a. University of Wisconsin

12

Who was the first native-born artist naturalist?

a. William Bartram

12

What was Factories in Lowell Massachusetts about?

a. Lowell, MA b. Textile Mills c. Poetry magazine

13

Which museum had the first collection of photography?

a. Museum of Modern Art in NYC

14

Who climbed a 100ft Douglass Fir just to experience a windstorm?

a. John Muir

14

Who is the last author in Mirror of America?

a. Bernard De Voto

14

What person came up with the idea of National Parks?

a. George Catlin

15

Who was Aldo Leopold?

a. Forester b. Establisher of Ethics i. He put together ethics with ecology

16

Who was Howard Zahniser?

a. A bureaucrat b. Lobbyist c. Pictured wearing a jacket with large pockets

17

Who wrote “Ktaadn” in the Maine Woods?”

a. Henry David Thoreau

18

Which sections were held for government or public use use?

a. 8 b. 11 c. 26 d. 29

20

Who was Bob Marshall?

a. Young forester b. Counter i. He counted everything.... c. Author d. Socialist

21

Through the National Park Service Act, the Department of the Interior controls what?

a. National Parks b. Monuments c. Recreation Areas d. Seashore/Lakeshore e. National Parkways f. Battlefields/Historic Sites/N. Capital Parks

22

What was the compromise in the Wilderness Act of 1964?

a. Lands had to come out of national parks, refuges, forests, landmarks and memorials, NOT FROM the Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

23

Where is the Gila National Forest located?

a. New Mexico

24

Who created the Zone system of photography?

a. Ansel Adams

24

The United States Forests Service is in what department of Federal Government?

a. Department of Agriculture

24

Who wrote Western Expansion across Wide Missouri?

a. Bernard De Voto

25

What are the FIVE Values of Wilderness?

a. Protection of Natural Areas b. Area Acts as a Benchmark c. Maintenance of Habitat d. Recreation e. Scientific Research

25

What is “The Course of Empire: The Consummation of Empire” about?

b. Society and architecture

25

Who was a pianist before he was a photographer?

a. Ansel Adams

26

What are the FIVE paintings in “The Course of Empire” series (in order 1-5)?

(1) The Savage State (2) The Arcadian or Pastoral State (3) The Consummation of Empire (4) Destruction (5) Desolation

26

One of the Values of Wilderness is that it can act as a benchmark for comparing nature to the works of man.

a. TRUE

27

What is the Natural Bridge of Virginia now called?

a. Camp David

28

Who compared the volcanoes Vesuvius and Kilauea?

a. Mark Twain

28

Who wrote Footloose in Democracy?

a. Bernard De Voto

29

Who said, “I would rather fight two Indians than have to face a bear?”

a. Meriwether Lewis

31

Who painted “The Rocky Mountains?”

a. Albert Bierstadt

32

Who wrote A Second World?

a. Bayard Taylor

32

Who went to Alaska to climb the peaks?

a. Bob Marshall

34

What did Thomas Cole do?

a. Started the Hudson River School of Art

34

Which painting is this? (Painted by Thomas Moran)

a. “Grand Canyon of Yellowstone” b. Painted by Thomas Moran

35

Who wrote Marks of Human Passage?

a. Wallace Stegner

37

Which painting is this? (sold at fundraiser for record price)

a. “The Rocky Mountains"

38

Where was John Muir’s first home in the United States?

a. Portage, Wisconsin

40

What did Aldo Leopold write?

a. Sand County Almanac

41

Mark Twain is a pen name for which person?

a. Samuel Clemons

42

What other person fits this mold?

a. Thomas Jefferson

43

Who wrote Should Cars Be Allowed in Yosemite?

a. James Bryce

44

Who is William Cullen Bryant and what did he do?

a. He was the first one to suggest the idea for Central Park in NYC

44

Who is William Henry Jackson?

a. Photographer b. Photographed the Mount of Holy Cross

45

Where did Thomas Cole study art?

a. Europe

45

What is the Ordinance of 1785?

a. That area can be reserved for government needs

46

How big is a township?

a. 6 sq miles b. 36 sections c. 1 section = 640 acres

47

Charles Dickens was British.

a. TRUE

49

Henry David Thoreau went to which University?

a. Harvard at Cambridge

50

Who wrote Hawaii Volcanoes?

a. Mark Twain

52

What were Lewis and Clark looking for as they crossed the cotton?

a. Water route b. In order to travel by boat instead of foot c. They never found one

54

What did Howard Zahniser carry in his pockets?

a. Filled with rings of bills going before congress b. Membership blanks for The Wilderness Society c. Testified for all the hearings on wilderness d. He died before President Johnson could sign the Wilderness Bill

56

What is the “Gateway to the West?”

a. Natural Bridge of Virginia

57

What area is Aldo Leopold responsible for?

a. Establishing “primitive” area in the GILA National Forest b. He got the Secretary of Agriculture to put his signature on it

57

What did Ansel Adams do in addition to inventing the zone system?

a. Helped establish the first school of photography and the first exhibit of photography in the Museum of Modern Art in NYC

58

Is recreation a value of wilderness?

a. YES

60

Who was the Native American woman that traveled with Lewis and Clark?

a. Sacagawea

61

Where did Aldo Leopold live?

a. Wisconsin

63

Who is associated with the Natural Bridge in Virginia?

a. Thomas Jefferson

64

What was the section number of the school board section in the township?

a. 16

64

What is “The Course of Empire: Desolation” about?

b. Ruins of temples. Trees are starting to grow and nature is recovering

64

Who walked across volcanoes during the nighttime?

a. Mark Twain

66

What is it about “The Course of Empire: The Savage State” about?

b. Raw Nature

68

Who was a botanist?

a. John Bartram

70

At which fundraiser did “The Rocky Mountains” earn the highest amount paid for a painting?

a. Fundraiser for the American Sanitation Commission

71

What came between John Muir and Gifford Pinchot?

a. Hetch Hetchy b. Yosemite c. The Damn Dam d. John Muir lost the battle e. Gifford Pinchot won the battle f. Took the water from the reservoir and put it in one in San Francisco on top of the San Andreas Fault g. San Francisco needed the water because of the earthquake and fire in 1906 h. The losers: all of us and our children

73

Was “The President of The United States” engraved on Thomas Jefferson’s tombstone?

a. NO

74

What was built on the Natural Bridge of Virginia?

a. A cabin

75

Who said, “In wilderness is the preservation of the world?”

a. Henry David Thoreau

76

What were the problems with the process of establishing area in the GILA National Forest?

a. Any secretary could change it b. 20 years of lobbying c. In 1964 the Wilderness Act was passed

77

What is “The Course of Empire: Destruction” about?

b. Fires and solider

79

What did Leopold, Marshall and Zahniser form?

a. The Wilderness Society

80

Who was the author of the first international best seller of the new world, published in FOUR languages, and what was the title of the publication?

a. William Bartram b. Travels Through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida

81

In 1820, one out of ten paintings on the walls of museums were landscapes; by 1850 how many were landscapes?

a. Nine out of ten

84

Who painted "Kindred Spirits"? Why did he paint it?

a. Asher B. Durand b. As a eulogy a year after Thomas Cole’s death

85

Who wrote "The Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America"?

a. John James Audubon and John Bachman

87

What did the Wilderness Society do?

a. Protected wilderness areas b. Took 20 years of lobbying to get the Wilderness Bill passed

88

From who was Louisiana purchased? For how much?

a. France b. $15 million

89

The United States Parks Service is in what department of Federal Government?

a. Department of the Interior

90

Who was the secretary of the United Sanitation Commission?

a. Fredrick Law Olmsted

91

Who found petrified Cypress at the base of Brown’s Cliffs on the Mississippi River (today known as the White Cliffs of Port Hudson) when traveling to Louisiana?

a. William Bartram

93

Where was John Muir born?

a. Dunbar, Scotland

94

Who said, “All men are created equal?”

a. Thomas Jefferson

95

Whom was a member of parliament and not American?

a. James Bryce

96

Who helped establish the first collection of photography in the Museum of Modern Art?

a. Ansel Adams

97

What did Wallace Stegner do?

a. Joined in on a fight for the Dam of Echo Park b. Friends with De Voto (according to Harmon) c. Wrote Marks of Human Passage

99

Who could be the poster child for transcendentalism?

a. Henry David Thoreau

100

What is the Marks of Human Passage about?

a. Biography on Powell b. Powell’s travels down the Colorado River

101

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is in what department of Federal Government?

a. Department of the Interior

102

The Hudson River School of Art is considered the _______ _______ ________ of the new world.

a. First art school

104

What was written on Thomas Jefferson’s tombstone?

a. “Author of the Declaration of American Independence” b. “Author of the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom” c. “Father of the University of Virginia”

105

Thomas Cole painted a series of paintings called ______________.

a. “The Course of Empire”

106

Why did Ansel Adams think in terms of the Zone System?

a. He was a pianist first b. He wanted to play with all 88 keys of the piano and felt the same way about photography

107

Who were the three main characters from the “Wild by Law” movie?

a. Howard Zahniser b. Bob Marshall c. Aldo Leopold

108

Why is the Park Service in the Department of the Interior?

a. When Yellowstone was established, there was no state of Wisconsin

109

Which is the bigger volcano, Vesuvius or Kilauea? Where is it located?

a. Kilauea b. Hawaii c. Twain called Vesuvius a soup-kettle and a child’s toy compared to Kilauea

110

What type of paintings did George Catlin paint?

a. Lifestyles of Indians

111

112. Reverend Bachman’s Warbler was pictured with a background painted by 

 

his second wife, Maris Martin, which is the Franklinia Atathamia.

112

111. Who painted the Magnolia Warbler?

a. William Bartram

113

113. Which picture is this? 

 

a. Bachman’s Warbler

b. The background is the Franklinia Atathamia

114

114. Who said, “And from the eastern boundary of the vast golden flower bed rose the mighty Sierra, miles in height, and so gloriously colored, and so radiant, it seemed not clothed with light, but wholly composed of it, like the wall of some celestial city?”

 

a. John Muir 

115

115. The Atchafalaya is what:

 

a. The land is raising due to sediment and deposition along the banks

b. It has a dynamic landscape

116

116. Who was the author that preceded De Voto and what did he write about? 

 

 

a. Wallace Stagner

b. Wrote an autobiography about John Wesley Powell, about how he sailed down the Green River, since the Echo park Controversy was on the Green River, Stagner and De Voto were good friends

117

117. Why do we have Dinosaur National Monument? Why was it a National Monument to begin with?

 

a. Andrew Carnegie made a lot of money and wanted to have an institute, Carnegie Hall (big library, museum, concert hall, lecture hall), he wanted dinosaurs 

118

118. What is the relationship between A Christmas Carol and The Factories in Lowell Massachusetts, both written by Charles Dickens?

 

a. Conditions of workers

119

119. Who went “hotfooted” one night?

 

 

a. Mark Twain also know as Samuel Clemens went hot footed in Hawaii across a crater Caldera in Kilauea Volcano

120

120. What is The Second World written about? 

 

a. Mammoth Cave

121

121. Bayard Taylor wrote some of his best pros about American marvels? 

 

 

TRUE

122

122. What did De Voto write that got him a Pulitzer prize? 

 

 

a. Western Expansion Across the Wide Missouri 

123

123. What profession was Gilford Pinchot? 

 

 

a. A forester

b. Fredrick Law Olmsted brought him to the Biltmore estate then became Teddy Roosevelt’s forester

124

124. What is the name of the survey system basically going from the Ohio Pennsylvania line all the way across the US to California? 

 

 

a. Township and Range

125

125. What was the first national park? 

 

 

a. Yellowstone National Park

b. (in Wyoming territory at the time)

126

126. What was the first scenic reserve? 

 

a. Yosemite

127

127. Which of the following is not a part of the two major survey systems used in Louisiana: Township and Range, Parish Counties, or French Longlots? 

 

 

a. Parish Counties is not a survey system 

b. Township and Range used in north Louisiana

128

128. Land in the Louisiana basin is rising from? 

 

 

a. Sediment deposition

129

129. Who said, “This we know: All things are connected like the blood that unites us. We did not weave the web of life, We are merely a strand in it. Whatever we do to the web, we do to ourselves?”

 

 

a. Chief Seattle

130

130. Which of the following green land is under the control of the national park service, battlefields, grass lands, wildlife refugee, or energy?

 

 

a. Battlefields 

131

131. What did Thomas Moran paint?

 

a. “Grand Canyon of Yellowstone”

132

132. What was the role of the Hudson River School of Painting? 

 

a. To help Americans to see and appreciate nature/wilderness

133

133. Who gave a lecture at Harvard on Nature that was considered by the Phi Beta Kappa address “The American Scholar” of our intellectual Declaration of Independence? 

 

a. Ralph Waldo Emerson

134

134. Who studied birds?

 

 

a. John James Audubon

135

135. What does BLM stand for? 

 

 

a. Bureau of Land Management

136

136. What does TVA stand for?

 

a. Tennessee Valley Authority

137

137. What does COE stand for?

 

 

a. Corps of Engineers

138

138. What is the definition of Wilderness?

 

a. The Act defines wilderness as an area where “the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain.”

139

139. What did Bernard De Voto sit in at the Harper’s Magazine? 

 

a. An easy chair

 

140

What did Bernard De Voto write about?

 

a. Dinosaur National Park

b. Controversy at Echo Park

c. The Damn Dam

141

Bernard De Voto and Wallace Stegner are friends.

 

 

a. TRUE

142

142. Who wanted to compare workers conditions with factories in Lowell and quality of life?

 

a. Charles Dickens

b. “Haunted, desperate misery” 

143

143. What was the title of the series of addresses on National Parks that James Bryce gave to the American Civic Association?

 

 

a. “Need of the Future”

144

144. Who wrote about Mammoth Cave?

 

 

a. Bayard Taylor

145

145. Where can the Valley of Humiliation, Great Relief and Gothic gallery be found? Who wrote about these places?

 

a. Mammoth Cave in Kentucky

b. Bayard Taylor in his article A Second World

146

146. Bayard Taylor met expectations of mid 19th century readers

 

 

a. TRUE

147

 Who said that Echo Park has turned political?

 

 

a. David Harmon

148

148. Who won the Pulitzer prize for the book Western Expansion Across the Wide Missouri in 1937?

 

 

a. Bernard De Voto

149

Why did David Harmon stop Mirror of America at Echo Park?

 

a. Echo Park is a major point in the environmental conservation movement

b. Marks the coming of age of the conservation age as a political force

150

The first battle-book, written by Wallace Stegner was called:

 

a. This is Dinosaur, Echo Park and its Magic River

151

While Andrew Carnegie was building libraries and museums, he built alarge museum in Pittsburgh where he needed to hire a curator for the museum, who is this curator and what did he do?

 

 

a. Earl Douglass

b. He went on to find dinosaur bones to fill the museum with

c. He had an issue with people who were “souvenir hunters” who wanted 

d. He tried to get the area set aside as a park so that he could save the these bones as well bones for the museum

152

Dinosaur National Monument is associated with:

 

 

a. The Green and Yampa River

b. Earl Douglass

c. Echo Canyon

d. The Utah/California Border

153

Who said, “it is the same with aesthetics: one may lack words to express the impact of beauty but no one who has felt it remains untouched. It is renewal, enlargement, and intensification. The parks preserve it permanently in the inheritance of the American citizen?”

 

 

a. Bernard De Voto 

154

Who said, “According to Jackson, who, in his capacity of a geological surveyor of the State, has accurately measured it—the altitude of Ktaadn is 5,300feet or a little more than one mile above the level of the sea—it is then evidently the highest point in the State of Maine, and is the most abrupt granite mountain in New England?”

a. Henry David Thoreau

a. Henry David Thoreau