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Flashcards in LA midterm Deck (178):
1

Which of the following is not used to define a physiographic province?

Political boundary

2

We live (BR) in a section of what physiographic province?

Costal plain (section- Mississippi river or alluvial plane)

3

April 19, 1775 is associated with what?

Minutemen National Historic Park

4

1864 is associated with

Yosemite National park (This was when the first scenic Reserve set aside by federal action; it was a law giving the park to Sierra Nevada. Abe Lincoln signed it in the Civil War.)

5

Who wrote a plan to manage Yosemite, designed roads, and got the law through congress?

Fredrick Law Olmstead

6

March 1, 1872 is associated with? 1st national park ever, and it took 2 yrs to make it a national park

Yellowstone National Park

7

1869 is associated with what?

Grand Canyon, Colorado, and green river (John Wesley Powell and 8 ppl went down the river)

8

T of F- John Wesley Powell lost his arm at Gettysburg.

False, he lost it at Shiloh

9

What physiographic province is the Grand Canyon located in?

Colorado Plateau

10

Judge Cornelius Hedges is associated with what national park?

Yellowstone National Park

11

T or F- Judge Cornelius Hedges was a member of the Ferdinand Haden expedition that went to Yellowstone in 1861?

False, Washburn expidition

12

Lees Fairy is associated with which national park?

Grand Canyon Nation Park

13

T or F- Lees fairy is on the Colorado River, downstream from Glenn Canyon Dam?

True

14

Who of the following is not associated with Yellowstone National Park?

Gifford Pinchot

15

What was the occupation of William Henry Jackson?

Photographer

16

Who was the first person to envision a national park(Yellowstone)?

George Catlin – painter

17

What national park is Paul Revere associated with?

Minutemen National park

18

Fredrick Law Olmstead is associated with which of the following places?

Yosemite

19

Which of the following places is not associated with Fredrick Law Olmstead?

Adirondack Reserve

20

Yosemite National Park is in what Physiographic province?

Sierra Nevada

21

Niagara Falls is in what Physiographic province?

Central lowlands

22

Salt Lake City is in what physiographic province?

Basin and Range ( all drains internally)

23

Minutemen National Historic Park is in what physiographic province?

New England

24

You are looking at 3 maps, all the same size of the paper each with a different scale? What scale shows the most area?

1-250,000

25

Map A has a scale of 1-24,000 and Map B has a scale of 1-400,000. Which is larger?

Map B is largest

26

Besides the use of hillock, hachures, and contour lines, how else can you show relief?

Color and Shading

27

Name the forester who worker on the Biltmore estate in North Carolina? (chosen by Fredrick Olmstead)

Gifford Pinchot

28

The American Society of civil engineers, in 1994, listed 7 wonders of the U.S. Which of the following was not on the list?

Washington Monument

29

John Wesley Powell recommended how much land for a family dependent on livestock?

The Homestead Act provided 150 acres. 4 sections= 2560 acres is what Powell recommended. 1 section= 640 acres without water

30

What did Powell recommend for a family that had irrigation?

80 acres

31

Who is considered the father of landscape architecture?

Fredrick Law Olmstead

32

What piece of music did Ferde Grofe compose?

Grand Canyon Sweet

33

What did Paul Winters compose?

Canyon Album, River Run

34

Divorchak Composed?

Symphony No. 9 in E Minor and From the new world

35

Harpers Ferry, Great Smokey Mountains

Blue Ridge

36

Stone Mountain, Charlottesville, Monticello

Piedmont

37

Cape Atterick Ookeefenkee, Atchafalaya

Coastal Plain

38

New York City, Minutemen, Boston, Vermont

New England

39

John Aster put advertisement in St. Louis paper to engage young men?

Missouri River

40

Tim Palmer said, “Surrounded by the horrors of the civil war the president’s action can be a recognition that we can turn to our native landscape” What landscape was he talking about?

Yosemite National Park

41

What president signed the Mariposa Yosemite grant in 1864?

Abe Lincoln

42

Name the physiographic province whose water drains internally not to the ocean?

Basin and Range

43

Mercator Projection

1569, Cylinder

44

Larger scale-

smaller area, more detail, larger RF #, denominator smaller

45

Small Scale-

-larger area
-less detail
-smaller RF #
-denominator larger

46

Fall line-

a lot of cities around it

47

2 or more physiographic provinces make up a what?

physiographic regions

48

The painter that went into Yellowstone with Jackson was?

Thomas Merran

49

American Society of Civil engineers (7 wonders)

-Interstate Highway
-Kennedy Space Center
-World Trade Center
-Hoover dam
-Panama canal
-Golden Gate bridge
-Trans-Alaska pipeline

50

Act that passed that set aside monuments was?

Antiquity act 1906

51

Who designed Central park?

Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Vaux

52

Who wrote Mirror of America?

David Harmon

53

Mary Roberts Rinehart wrote what piece?

Ride the Rockies and Save your Soul , 1916

54

Who were the Characters?

She is the main character.

55

Which person traveled with Mary Rinehart in her 1916 article?

Howard Eaton

56

Who wrote old Yellowstone days?

Owen Wister, 1936

57

T or F- John Palter wrote Old Yellowstone Days?

False

58

Who headed the commission overseeing the Yosemite Grant under the control of the state of CA? (mariposa)

Fredrick Law Olmstead

59

T or F- The report written by Olmstead on Yellowstone has shaped a management of all national parks

False, his plan was lost

60

Who received the property of the Yosemite?

The state of CA

61

The concord hymn commemorates what date?

April 19, 1775 the battle of Lexington concord

62

What did John Muir call Ralph Waldo Emerson?

He called him a sequoia as a complement

63

The month of February was represented by what in Aldo Leopold’s almanac?

"The Good Oak"

64

Who is Aldo Leopold?

- Forrester in Service in National Forrest in Mexico… he proposed wilderness areas…
- Wrote a lot of Newsletters on Protecting Wilderness…
- Became professor at University of Wisconsin where San County is located…
- Wrote San County Almanac….Subtitle is Good Oak Title is February

65

What physiographic province is Leopold associated with?

Central Lowlands

66

What was in a nation’s park?

-A column in newspaper writing about the west loves and respects Indians worried about buffalo…proposed?
-A nations park…the first idea of the national park in 1832

67

David Harmon stated in preface nature writers were?

John Muir (wrote to the general public) and John Burrows(more popular then)

68

David Harmon stated in Mirror of America the good poetry about parks is easy to define because of the grandeur of national parks?

False….He said it was very difficult to find good poetry about national parks

69

Who wrote the Virginian?

Owen Wister and it was about the west

70

Who wrote Free Verse promoted by Harriet Monroe from Chicago?

Karl Sandburg

71

Name the painter who painted Indians?

George Catlin

72

Who wrote Galoping the Great West?

Thomas Wolfe- 10 National Parks, 13 days, of travel

73

“Those ashes come spring, I will return to the orchid at the foot of the sprill hill”…

Aldo Leopold.

74

Next morning rejoicing about clovers and fresh sessions of rain and fresh bark of an oak?

Aldo Leopold “The Good Oak”

75

“musktcrap… 8in long 6in tall”

Annie Dillard- pilgrim; Pulitzer prize winner

76

“Rabbits and mice..Hawks, owls prey on them”

Annie Dillard

77

Old immigrant road measured the stump with diameter of 30 inches?

Aldo Leopold

78

When muskrat went under the bridge he reappears with an 8 inch body?

Annie Dillard

79

It is quite worthwhile to learn what a docile creature is a mule going down?

John Burrows

80

Second day on mule back

John Burrows

81

We were not to be swayed always satisfaction in going to the bottom of things?

John Burrows

82

“The main duty… every advantage practical…peculiar to this ground… other parts of the domain… in its natural scenery”…

Frederick Law Olmstead.

83

“This duty of preservation is the first... millions that are here can benefit… larger interest should be the first and most strenuously guarded”…

Olmstead

84

Now we are engaged in a great civil war testing long enduring?

Abe Lincoln

85

It is for us the living whether to be dedicated here to the unfinished work they have carried on….these honored dead we take increased devotion”…

Abe Lincoln. Gettysburg National Military Park

86

Cities call I have heard them but only voice is call of the Rockies and I shall return?

Mary Robert Rinehart

87

I could ask no other monument than reputation of founding such a great institution?

George Catlin

88

On tour to the Yellowstone?

Rudyard Kipling

89

What did Thomas Wolfe write?

Gulping of the Great West

90

Henry James wrote Reflected Distinction….

usually least favorite of students because early on in Mirror of America he has run on sentences but material was fascinating...

91

Preservation for all –

Olmstead- got lost

92

Who wrote “Old Yellowstone Days?”

Owen Wister

93

Who headed commission overseeing the Yosemite under control of the state of California?

Fredrick Law Olmsted

94

The Concord Hymn (the shot heard around the world) during the battle of Lexington and Concord, celebrates what date?

April 19, 1775

95

The concord hymn celebrates April 19, 1775, and what else?

Minute Man National Historic Park

96

Which person did Mary Rhinehardt ride through the Rockies with and “Save Your Soul”?

Howard Eaton

97

In which states and province do you find Aldo Leopold’s Sand Counties?

Wisconsin – Central Lowlands

98

Who wrote “A Nation’s Park?”

George Catlin

99

Who published poetry magazine, magazine verses?

Published in 1911, by Monroe

100

Name the painter whose painting is famous for Indian life and who had a letter published in 1833 for protecting the nation’s parks?

George Catlin

101

“These things I ponder as the kettle sings, and the good oak burns to red coal on white ashes. Those ashes, come spring, I will return to the orchard at the foot of the sand hill.” Who wrote or said this or in what book?

Aldo Leopold, in “The Good Oak,” Sand County Almanac

102

The wonderful thing about muskrats, “They are the bread and butter of the food chain.”

Annie Dillard

103

“The next morning we came about a great slab and good oaks.”

Aldo Leopold

104

“It is quite worth going down in the canyon only falling in love with the…when he is in good behavior a mule.”

John Burroughs wrote this, John Muir was present, John Muir was with Burroughs on the trip down grand canyon, John Muir always going up

105

“On the 2nd day we made the decent on mule back” go up he said and not down…climb climb.”

John Burroughs

106

“The main duty with which the commission to be charged is to be given every advantage possible and give other parts to its public domain.”

Frederick Law Olmsted

107

“It is for us the living, to be dedicated here to the great past of the nation before us we take the increased devotion.”

Abe Lincoln

108

Gettysburg national park is the first park that is a park acquired by?

Eminent Domain

109

“Cities call I have heard them but there is no voice so consistent to me as the wordless call of the Rockies. I shall go back.”

Mary Roberts Reinhardt

110

Good oaks or sand hill?

Aldo Leopold

111

True or False: Annie Dillard wrote about muskrats?

True

112

True or False: John Burroughs didn’t ride in the canyon on a mule but instead he rode on a horse?

False

113

“I would ask no other monument of memory, nor any other enrollment of the dead than the reputation of being the founder of such a great institution.”

George Catlin

114

Who wrote “On Tour Through the Yellowstone?”

Rudyard Kipling

115

Henry James wrote about what?

Philadelphia

116

“Why should this place lead to such great distort landmarks, events that happened there…(Indirect quote)”

Henry James *talking about Philadelphia

117

“Now we are gathered in such a civil war…Can long endure. The duty of preservation falls…because the millions hereafter benefit from the acts…have the largest interest which should be the first and most friendliest garden.”

Frederick Law Olmsted

118

Who was the author of Mirror of America?

David Harmon

119

True/False: Ferde Grofe wrote Symphony No. 9 in the New World.

False (Dvorak wrote it) Ferde Grofe wrote “Grand Canyon Suite.” Paul Winters wrote “Canyon” and “River Run.”

120

The founder of landscape architecture –

Frederick Law Olmsted

121

Which scale shows the most area?

Small scale (1:250,000)

122

True or False: The hoover dam was once a “wonder of the world?”

true

123

The Grand Canyon is in what province?

Colorado plateau

124

What sections are within the Colorado Plateau?

-Grand Canyon
-Monument Valley
-Painted Desert

125

Minutemen are associated with whom?

Paul Revere

126

How much land should be given to a family with livestock?

2560 acres

127

How many acres are made from 4 sections?

2560

128

Which province has internal drainage?

Basin and Range

129

John Wesley Powell –

• Homestead Act of 1862 –
• 160 acres, 80 acres with water

130

What is not possible to represent on a flat top?

-Angle
-Distance
-Direction
-Area
-Scale
(One of the above will not be correct )

131

What is required to get all the special relationships on a map?

Globe

132

What map is projected onto a cylinder and then made flat and was first published in 1569?

Mercator

133

What does Good’s interrupted projection try to do?

Tried to compensate for the pullout that happens on the Mercator

134

What map has areas that are closest to the poles stretched out and they look larger than they really are?

Mercator projection *on the test, it says smaller, so pay attention*

135

Large scale consists of what?

Small area, more detail larger RF number and small denominator

136

Small scale consists of what?

Large area, less detail, smaller RF number and large denominator

137

Best method for showing relief or elevation on a map?

Contour lines

138

What methods are used to show relief or elevation on a map?

Hachures, Contour lines, Coloring, and Hillocks (also shading)

139

What is associated with the San Francisco Bay area?

-San Andrea’s fault
-Earthquakes
-The “Damned dam” and John Muir fighting against this idea of putting the dam here
-City burnt down after earthquake and they needed water so they went to the Yosemite.

140

What was built on the San Andrea’s Vault that was retrofitted with steel rods for resistance to earthquakes?

Filoli Mansion/House and Garden

141

Above the Line of Glaciation what can be said?

- Land is compacted and shaped b/c the weight of the ice
- Water and reminisce of the ice are still seen

142

What is the line that is drawn by using the first waterfalls from the Atlantic?

Fall line

143

What can be found at the fall line?

-Water falls
-Rock
-Good place to build cities

144

How many sections does the Rocky Mountains physiographic province have?

4 sections

145

What national park is associated with 1864?

Yosemite, first scenic reserve created by federal action

146

What happened on March 1, 1872?

Yellowstone National park signed by President Grant

147

What happened in 1869?

Grand Canyon became a national park (located in the Colorado plateau), John Wesley Powell went down the Colorado river from the Green River, and Golden spike was laid

148

What happened in 1870 in respect to Yellowstone?

Washburn Expidition

149

What happened in 1871 with respect to Yellowstone?

Hayden Expidition

150

Who was associated with the Washburn Expidition to Yellowstone?

Judge Cornelius Hedges

151

Hayden brought what and who with him?

He brought painter, Thomas Moran, and a photographer, William Henry Jackson

152

What is the Yosemite in? (What Province)

Sierra Nevada

153

Where is the Niagara Falls?

Central Lowlands

154

Where is the Great Salt Lake found?

Basin and Range

155

Where is Mammoth Cave found?

Interior Low plateau

156

What law protects the Adirondacks?

New York Constitution

157

What is located in the Adirondack province?

Blue Line

158

What is not one of the 7 US wonders listed by the American Society of Civil Engineers?

Washington Monument

159

How much land did Powell say was needed where there was no water?
How much with water?

2560 acres
80 acres (with water)

160

What law gave protection for public land?

Antiquities Act of 1906 *set aside land for public protection*

161

How many years did it take to put Yellowstone into law?

2

162

Yellowstone National Park is associated with which of the following people?

Ferdinand Hayden

163

What does Tim Palmer talk about?

Yosemite ( Talked about it in "Yosemite: Promise of Wilderness" )

164

Who was the forester hired by Olmsted, governor Roosevelt and then President Roosevelt?

Gifford Pinchot *worked on Biltmore Estate in (NC)*

165

Who could plant trees as good as they could cut them down and was the head of the committee of the “Damned dam?”

Gifford Pinchot

166

The Rocky Mountain physiographic province is divided into 4 sections. The shaded section was what?

Middle Rockies *it shows a map with a shaded section*

167

The Fall Line separates what?

The Piedmont from the Coastal Plain

168

What national park can be associated with 1869?

Grand Canyon

169

What was the 1st national park in the world?

Yellow Stone National Park

170

Where do you find Lee’s Ferry?

Inside the Grand Canyon on the Colorado River

171

How much land should be given to a family with livestock?

2560 acres, 4 sections

172

The first scenic reserve created by federal action?

Yosemite

173

Map projection that is relatively good in showing landmasses at near the same size –

Goode’s Interrupted Projection (orange peel-looking map)

174

Baton Rouge is in which province? What section?

- Coastal Plain <-- Section

175

(Physiographic province) Central Lowlands, Coastal Plain, and Interior Low Plateau

(Physiographic Sections) Mississippi River Embayment or Alluvial Plain

*for 2 separate questions, one asks “which are the provinces?” and the other asks “which are the sections?”*

176

A section is a subdivision of a geographic or physiographic province (T or F)

true

177

Harper’s Ferry, Biltmore Estate – (what province is this)

Blue Ridge

178

**there was a question about an article in a newspaper:

the answer is MISSOURI