Lab 8 Vertebrates Flashcards Preview

Bio Lab > Lab 8 Vertebrates > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab 8 Vertebrates Deck (19):
1

The scientific names of:
-wrist
-fingers and toes
-jaw
-tail bone
-shoulder
-shin
-hip
-knee
-knuckles
-thigh


-carpals
-phalanges
-mandible
-coccyx
-clavicle
-tibia
-ilium
-patella
-metacarpals
-femur

2

Three kinds of teeth

1. Incisors- found in front, and are for bitting or nipping
2. Canines- enlarged and pointed, and are used for ripping and earing
3. Molariform (molars and premolars)- farther back in the mouth, and are used for crushing and grinding.

herbivore: eats plants
carnivore: eats meat
omnivore: eats both plants and meat

3

Skeletal specializations of birds

-hollow bones
-large sternum for flight muscles
- no teeth
-less movable joints

4

Oviparous

an animal that lays eggs

5

viviparous

young that develops inside of the mother, obtaining nourishment from her through an attachment and are born not hatched (live-birth)

6

Ovoviviparous

Eggs are retained within the mother, hatch inside of her, live off of yolk and then live young are born.

7

Heterothermic

"cold-blooded" temperature varies depending on surrounding.

8

Homeothermic

"warm-blooded" and maintaining a constant temperature despite external factors.

9

Class: Agnatha

lamprey, hag fish
-no jaws, but sucker-like mouth
-no paired fins
-eel-like
-slimy
-no scales
-endoskeleton
-heterothermic
-oviparous

10

Class: Chondrichthyes

sharks, rays, skates
-cartilage skeleton
-small spiny scales
-large perctoral fins
-gill slits
-heterothermic
-oviparous


11

Class: Osteichthyes

perch, tuna, trout, bass
-bony endoskeleton
-operculum covers gills
-large
-overlapping scales
-swim bladder
-heterothermic
-oviparous

12

Class: Amphibia

frogs, roads, salamanders
0land adult
-aquatic larva
-no claws
-moist skin
-heterothermic
-oviparous

13

Class: Reptilia

lizards, snakes, crocodiles
-land eggs
-dry
scaly skin
-claws (except snakes)
-heterothermic
-oviparous

14

Class: Aves

finch, craw, robin, blue jay, hawk, seagull
-feathers,
-most can fly,
-homeothermic,
-land eggs,
-care for young
-oviparous

15

Mammalia

mice, dogs, cats, humans
-hair
-mammary glands
-homeothermic
-live birth
-care for young
-viviparous, oviparous

16

How many:
-cervical vertebrae
-thoracic
-lumbar
sacral
caudal


-7
-12
-5
-5
-4

17

What kind of joint are:
-hip joint (pelvis + femur)
-elbow (humerus + ulna)
-elbow (humerus + radius)
-cranium (temporal + parietal)
-knee cap (patella)
-shoulder (humerus + scapula)
-wrist (carpals)


-ball and socket
-hinge
-ball and socket
-immovable
-gliding
-ball and socket
-gliding

18

What skeletal structure are the flight muscles attached to in a bird, and how it is different from a humans?

Sternum. It's shaped like a U instead of being straight.

19

Name the bones of a chicken
-Thigh
-drumstick
-breast
-back
-wishbone


-femur
-tibia-tarsus
-sternum
-synsacrum
-fercula