Lab Exam 3 (The hip, knee, and the ankle) Flashcards Preview

Applied Anatomy > Lab Exam 3 (The hip, knee, and the ankle) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab Exam 3 (The hip, knee, and the ankle) Deck (30)
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1

Sartorius

Origin- Anterior superior iliac spine
Insertion- medial condyle of the tibia
Action- hip flexion; hip abduction; hip external rotation; knee flexion

2

Iliacus

Origin- iliac fossa
Insertion- lesser trochanter of the femur
Action- flexes hip

3

Psoas Major

Origin- T12-L5 transverse processes
Insertion- lesser trochanter of the femur
Action- flexes hip

4

Pectineus

Origin- Pubic bone
Insertion- Lesser trochanter of the femur
Action- adducts, flexes, and medially rotates the hip

5

Adductor Magnus

Origin- ischial tuberosity of the ischium; pubic bone
Insertion- linea aspera and adductor tubercle of the femur
Action- adducts, flexes, and medially rotates to the hip

6

Adductor Longus

Origin- pubic bone
Insertion- linea aspera of the femur
Action- adducts, flexes and medially rotates the hip

7

Adductor Brevis

Origin- pubic bone
Insertion- linea aspera of the femur
Action- adducts, flexes, and medially rotates the hip

8

Gracilis

Origin- pubic bone
Insertion- medial condyle of the tibia
Action- adducts, flexes, and medially rotates the hip

9

Tensor Fasciae Latae

Origin- iliac crest and anterior superior iliac spine of the ilium
Insertion-Lateral condyle of the tibia via iliotibial band
Action- abducts hip

10

Gluteus Maximus

Origin- Ilium, sacrum, and coccyx
Insertion- Linea aspera of femur, lateral condyle of tibia
Action- Extends hip

11

Gluteus Medius

Origin- Posterior Ilium
Insertion- greater trochanter of femur
Action- Abducts hip

12

Gluteus Minimus

Origin- posterior ilium
Insertion- greater trochanter of femur
Action- abducts hip

13

Piriformis

Origin- Sacrum
Insertion- greater trochanter of femur
Action- Laterally rotates hip

14

Rectus Femoris

Origin-anterior inferior iliac spine
Insertion- tibial tuberosity
Action- flexes hip; extends knee

15

Vastus Lateralis

Origin- greater trochanter and linea aspera of femur
Insertion- tibial tuberosity
Action- extends knee

16

Vastus Intermedius

Origin- Anterior-lateral shaft of the femur
Insertion- tibial tuberosity
Action- extends knee

17

Vastus Medialis

Origin-linea aspera of femur
Insertion- tibial tuberosity
Action- extends knee

18

Biceps Femoris

Origin- Ischial tuberosity of ischium, linea aspera of femur
Insertion- lateral condyle of tibia, head of fibula
Action- extends hip, flexes knee

19

Semitendinosus

Origin- ischial tuberosity of ischium
Insertion- medial condyle of tibia
Action- extends hip, flexes knee

20

Semimembranosus

Origin- ischial tuberosity of ischium
Insertion- medial condyle of tibia
Action- extends hip, flexes knee

21

Tibialis Anterior

Origin- Proximal anterior-lateral tibia
Insertion- plantar surface of the medial foot
Action- dorsiflexes and inverts ankle

22

Extensor Hallucis Longus

Origin- Anterior fibula
Insertion- Dorsal surface of distal phalanges
Action- extends hallux; dorsiflexes ankle

23

Extensor Digitorum Longus

Origin- Anterior fibula
Insertion- Dorsal Surface of distal phalanges
Action- extends toes, dorsiflexes ankle

24

Fibularis (peroneus) Longus

Origin- head of fibula
Insertion- plantar surface of the first metatarsal
Action- everts and plantar flexes ankle

25

Fibularis (peroneus) Brevis

Origin- fibula
Insertion- proximal portion of the fifth metatarsal
Action- everts and plantar flexes ankle

26

Gastrochemius

Origin- Lateral and medial condyle of femur
Insertion- calcaneus
Action- flexes knee; plantar flexes ankle

27

Soleus

Origin- Posterior tibia and fibula
Insertion- calcaneus
Action- plantarflexes ankle

28

Tibialis Posterior

Origin- posterior tibia and fibula
Insertion- Navicular bone; all cuneiform bones
Action- inverts and plantarflexes ankle

29

Flexor Digitorum Longus

Origin- posterior tibia and fibula
Insertion- plantar suface of distal phalanges
Action- flexes toes; inverts and plantarflexes ankle

30

Flexor Hallucis Longus

Origin- posterior tibia and fibula
Insertion- plantar surface of distal phalanges
Action- Flexes hallux; inverts and plantarflexes ankle