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Flashcards in lab flashcards Deck (38):
1

what are the main bones of the skull

- frontal
- parietal
- occiptal
- temporal

2

what are the other main bones of the skull (no inclduing the parts)

- sphenoid
- zygomatic
- ethmoid
- nasal
- lacrimal
- maxilla
- palatine
- mandible
- hyoid bone

3

parts of the occiptal bone

- external occiptal protuberance
- foramen magnum
- occiptal condyles

4

parts of the temporal bone

- mastoid process
- styloid process
- external auiditory meatus
- zygomatic process

5

parts of the sphenoid process

- greater wings of sphenoid on external aspect of skull sella turcica

6

parts of the zygomatic bone

- zygomatic process
- zygomatic arch

7

parts of the ethmoid bone

- orbital plate
- perpendicular plate
- conchae

8

part of the lacrimal bone

tear duct

9

part of the maxilla

- alveoli
- teeth
- inferior concha

10

part of the mandible bone

- condyloid process
- conoroid process
- alveoli

11

what are the 5 different parts of the verterbrae?

- cervical
- thoracic
- lumbar
- sacrum
- coccyx

12

what are the parts of the cervical vertebrae

- atlas (C1)
- atlas (C2)

13

what are the parts of the throacic verterbrae

- superior and inferior atriculating facets and process
- vererbral foreman
- body
- spinous process
- trasnverse process
- lamina
- pedicle
- inferior notch or interverebral foreman
- articular facets on for the ribs

14

lumbar verterbrae parts

(5)
- similar features of all vererbrae
- blocked shaped spinous process

15

parts of the saccrum

- median column
- median sacral crest
- sacral canal
- sacral hiatus
- anterior and posterior sacral formina
- promontory
- superior articular process
- auricular surface

16

thoracic structures

- ribs
- sternum

17

parts of the sternum

- manubrium
- body
- ziphoid process

18

what are the external vertebral coloumn ligaments

- ligamentum nuchae
- supraspinous ligament
- anterior longitudinal ligament
- posterior longiuidinal ligament
- ligamenum flavum
- radiate ligaments

19

what are the main bones of the upper limb

- clavicle
- scapula
- humerus
- radias
- ulna
- carpal bones
- metacarpals
- phalanges

20

what are the parts of the scapula

- medial, lateral and superior border
- inferior and superior angle
- glenoid fossa
- spine of scalpula
- acromion and coracoid process
- suprascapula notch
- supragelnoid and infraglenoid tubercle
- spino-glenoid notch
- supraspinous, infraspinous, subscapular fossa

21

what are the parts of the humerus

- head
- anatomical and surgical neck
- greater and lesser tuberosities
- bicipital groove
- deltoid tuberosity
- trochlea
- captiulum
- coronoid, radial, olerranon fossa
- lateral and medial epicondlyes
- lateral and medial supracondylar lines

22

what are the parts of the radius

- head and neck
- fovea
- bicipital tuberosity
- ulna notch
- styloid process
- anterior broder
- interosseous crest

23

what are the parts of the ulna

- coronoid and olecranon process
- trochlea notch
- ulna tuberosity
- radial notch
- supinator and interosseous crest
- head
- styolid process
- anterior border

24

what are the parts of the pectoral gridle and humersu

- intercalvicular ligament
- anterior sternoclaviular ligament
- costoclavicular ligament
- acromioclavicular ligament
- coracoclavicular ligament
- coracoacromial ligament
- coracohumeral ligament
- transverse humeral ligament

25

elobow joint ligaments

- ulnar collateral liagment
- radial colateral ligament
- annular ligament

26

wrist and forearm ligaments

- interossesous membrane
- flexor retinaculum
- extensor retinaculum

27

what are the bones of the lower limb

- illium
- ischium
- pubis
- femur
- patella
- fibula
- tibia

28

ligaments of the pelvis and thigh

- inguinal ligament
- teres ligament
- sacrotuberous ligament
- sacrospinous ligament
- illiofemoral ligament
- pubofemoral ligament
- ishiofemoral ligament
- iliotibial band

29

knee ligaments

- patellar ligament
- tibial collateral ligament
- fibular collateral ligament
- cruciate ligaments
- meniscii medial and lateral ligament

30

knee and ankle ligaments

- interossesous membrane
- anterior talofibular ligament
- clacaneofilbular ligament
- deltoid ligament
- plantar calcaneonavicular ligament
- long planter ligament
- short planter ligament

31

what are the muscles connecting the axial skeleton and the shoulder girdle

- neck
- posterior (trapezius, levator scapula, rhomboids)
- anterior (pectoralis minor, serratus anterior)

32

muscles connecting the axial skeleton and shoulder girdle to the arm

- pectroalis major
- deltoid
- latissimus dorsi
- subscapularis
- infraspinatus
- teres major/minor

33

muscles of the erector spinae group

- spinalis
- logissimus
- ilicostalis

34

muscles of the abdomen

- external oblique
- internal oblique
- transverse abdominis
- rectus abdominis

35

muscles of normal inhalation

- internal and external intercoastals
- diaphram

36

muscles of the upper arm

- corcobrachialisis
- biceps brachii
- brachialis
- triceps brachii
- anconeous

37

innervation of the upper limb

- brachial plexus
- roots (upper, middle, lower)
- divisions (anterior, posterior)
- cords (lateral, medial, posterior)
- branches (nerves)

38

what are the types of branches nerves of the upper limb

- musculoutaneous nerve
- axiallary nerve
- median nerve
- radial nerve
- ulnar nerve