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Anatomy and Phsiology LAB > Lab One > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lab One Deck (56)
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1
Q

Anatomical Position

A

To be standing erect, looking straight ahead and palms facing forward

2
Q

Anterior (ventral)

A

Towards the front of the body

3
Q

Posterior (dorsal)

A

Towards the back of the body

4
Q

Superior (cranial)

A

Upwards or towards the head

5
Q

Inferior (caudal)

A

Away from the head or towards the lower part of a structure; below

6
Q

Medial

A

Towards the midline of the body

➡️⬅️

7
Q

Lateral

A

Away from the midline of the body

⬅️➡️

8
Q

Proximal

A

Closer to the body or joint of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

9
Q

Distal

A

Farther from the origin of a body part to the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

10
Q

Superficial

A

Towards the surface of the body

11
Q

Deep

A

Away from the surface of the body

12
Q

Parietal

A

Toward the outer wall of a body cavity

13
Q

Visceral

A

Pertaining to the covering of an organ

14
Q

Midsagittal

A

A cut from the anterior to the posterior; separating the body into right and left halves

15
Q

Parasagittal

A

A section parallel to a midsagittal plane

16
Q

Transverse (cross section)

A

A cut in a horizontal plane separating the body into upper and lower portions

17
Q

Coronal (frontal)

A

A section through the body which produces a front (anterior) and a back (posterior) portion

18
Q

Cranial

A

Skull

19
Q

Cephalic

A

Head

20
Q

Cervical

A

Neck

21
Q

Axillary

A

Armpit

22
Q

Brachial

A

Arm

23
Q

Carpal

A

Wrist

24
Q

Femoral

A

Thigh

25
Q

Patellar

A

Knee

26
Q

Crural

A

Leg

27
Q

Frontal

A

Forehead

28
Q

Mental

A

Chin

29
Q

Buccal

A

Cheek

30
Q

Pollex

A

Thumb

31
Q

Coxal

A

Hips

32
Q

Gluteal

A

Buttox

33
Q

Plantar

A

Sole of the foot

34
Q

Calcaneal

A

Heal of the foot

35
Q

Cranial cavity

A

Located in the skull, contains the brain

36
Q

Spinal cavity

A

Continuous with the spinal cavity it runs through the vertebrae, contains the spinal cord

37
Q

Orbital, nasal and buccal cavities

A

These three are located in the anterior part of the skull. The orbital cavity contains the eye ball, the nasal cavity is behind the nose and the buccal cavity is behind the mouth

38
Q

Thoracic cavity

A

This cavity is bound by the rib cage and lies superior to the diaphragm

39
Q

Abdominal cavity

A

This cavity lies inferior to the diaphragm

40
Q

Pelvic cavity

A

Formed by the hip bones

41
Q

The four quadrants

A

Right upper quadrant
Left upper quadrant
Right lower quadrant
Left lower quadrant

42
Q

The Nine Regions

A
Right hypochondriac
Epigastric
Left hypochondriac
Right lumbar
Umbilical
Left lumbar 
Right iliac
Hypogastric
Left iliac
43
Q

Flexion

A

Brings the two ends of an extremity together

44
Q

Extension

A

Moves apart the two ends of an extremity

45
Q

Rotation

A

Used to indicate the revolving of a body part along its axis

46
Q

Circumduction

A

Movement of the distal end of an extremity in a circle while the proximal end remains stationary

47
Q

Abduction

A

Movement of the body (part) away from the midline, to take away

48
Q

Adduction

A

To bring together parts of the body (like bringing arms in)

49
Q

Supination

A

Rotation of the forearm so that the palm of the hand faces either anteriorly or superiorly (cup soup with hands)

50
Q

Pronation

A

The movement of the forearm so that the palm of the hand faces down (dropping the soup)

51
Q

Inversion

A

Moving the sole of the foot medically (toward center)

52
Q

Eversion

A

Moving the sole of the foot laterally (out facing)

53
Q

Elevation

A

Movement of jaw upward (closed)

54
Q

Depression

A

Movement of jaw downward (open)

55
Q

Protraction

A

Movement of the jaw forward

56
Q

Retraction

A

Movement of the jaw backward