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Flashcards in lab practical 1 Deck (67):
1

Red Maple

Acer Rubrum

opposite

simple 

3 to 5 lobes

palmate

serrated margin

narrow,shallow sinuses

2 to four inches long

green above/ wjite underneath leaf

fruit - samaras

2

Red Maple

Acer rubrum

 

3

RED MAPLE

Acer rubrum

Acer= Sharp; Maple

rubr= red reddish

4

Acer negundo

Box Elder

pinnately compound ( only compound maple)

Opposite

3 to 5 leaflets ( 2-4 inches long)

margin : serrate and sometimes lobed

Fruit: samara

leaf shape: elliptical or ovate

 

 

 

5

Acer negundo 

Box Elder

Acer,=Sharp. Maple

negundo=

 

6

Box Elder Maple

Acer negundo

7

Quercus falcata

Southern Red Oak

leaf type: Simple

Leaf arrangement: Alternate

5-9 inches long

Leafeshape: roughly obovate /elliptical

Margin: long narrow Lobed with bristle tips

3 lobes with shallow sinuses or 5-7 lobes with 

Fruit: Acorns

Venation : pinnate

8

Southern Red Oak 

Quercus falcata

Querc= Oak

falc- sickle( a hook- like tool)

9

southern Red oak

10

Quercus velutina

black oak

leaf type: Simple

Leaf arrangement: Alternate

4-10 inches long

Leafeshape: obovate /ovate

Margin:  narrow Lobed , 5-7 lobes with britle tips
Fruit: Acorns

Venation : pinnate

11

Quercus velutina

12

White Oak 

Quercus alba

Quercus =oak

alb=white

leaf type: Simple

Leaf arrangement: Alternate

4-7  inches long

Leafeshape:  obovate /oblong

Margin:  7-10 rounded finger like lobes; apex is rounded

3 lobes with shallow sinuses or 5-7 lobes with

Fruit: Acorns

Venation : pinnate

13

Quercus alba

14

Scarlet oak 

Quercus coccinea

Quercus=oak

coccin =scarlet

leaf type: Simple

Leaf arrangement: Alternate

3-7 inches long

Leafeshape: oval

Margin: long narrow Lobed with bristle tips lobes with deep sinuses 
Fruit: Acorns

Venation : pinnate

15

Quercus coccinea

16

Prunus avium

leaf type: Simple

Leaf arrangement: Alternate

5-9 inches long

Leafeshape: long oval to obovate

Margin: serrated ( slightly rounded)

 

Fruit: cherry

Venation : pinnate

17

Prunus serotina

Black cherry

18

Acer rubrum 

Red Maple

19

Acer negundo

Box Elder maple

20

Carya tomentosa

Cary=nut ( hickory)

Toment = dense hair

leaf type: compound

Leaf arrangement: pinnately compound

5-9 inches long

Leafeshape: roughly obovate /elliptical

Margin: serrated

Fruit: 

Venation : pinnate

 

21

Robinia pseudoacacia

leaf type: Compound ( 7-19)

Leaf arrangement: Alternate, pinnately compound

5-9 inches long

Leafeshape: roughly obovate /elliptical

Margin: Entire


Fruit: flattened legume

Venation : pinnate

22

Cornus florida

cornuns = dogwood

Florida= flower

leaf type: Simple

Leaf arrangement: opposite

5-9 inches long

Leafeshape: roughly obovate /elliptical

Margin:Entire or slightly wavy


Fruit: 

Venation : pinnate

23

24

Liriodendron tulipifera

leaf type: Simple

Leaf arrangement: Alternate

5-9 inches long

Leafeshape: orbicular

Margin: 4 lobed, entire

 

Fruit: 

Venation : palmately veined

25

Nyssa sylvatica

leaf type: Simple

Leaf arrangement: Alternate

Leafeshape: obovate

Margin: entire

 

Fruit:

Venation : pinnate

26

Oxydendrum arboreum

leaf type: Simple

Leaf arrangement: Alternate

5-9 inches long

Leafeshape: elliptical

Margin: finely serrated

3 lobes with shallow sinuses or 5-7 lobes with

Fruit: Acorns

Venation : pinnate

27

Pinus strobus

28

White pine 

Pinus strobus

29

Pinus echinata

30

Short Leaf Pine 

Pinus Echinata

31

PROKARYOTIC CELL

 

32

Example of a autotrophic bacteria  ( prokaryotes)

CYANOBACTERIA ( aka blue green algea)

33

CYANOBACTERA AKA 

blue green algae

34

characteristics of CYANOBACTERA

prokaryote

bacteria

autotrophic

may grow as single cells or in colonies ( filaments) 

35

colonial CYANOBACTERIA 

( Ocilatoria) named for its movement

have filaments ( single cells fused together to create a colony or a filament)

reproduce by fragmentation( eac cell can break off from the filament then grow into a new filament) 

 

36

3 examples of of Protozoans ( aninal like protistst)

they are all heterotrophs), single celled eukaryotes

1.Ameoba sp.

2. Euglena sp.

3. Vorticella sp.

37

Ameba sp. 

Eukaryote--protist--- protozoan--single celled heterotroph

note: psuedopods

( used for movement ( cytoplasmic streaming) and for surrounding andcapturing prey)

38

Euglena sp.

protozoan-protist-eukaryote- single celled heterotrophs photosynthetic

note: flagella ( each cell has 2 to propel the cell)

 

39

Vorticella sp.

( protozoan,-protist-eukarya- single celled heterotroph)

note:

cilia ( at top used for movement and funnel water

stalk ( retactable) ( used to attach to substrate)

Filter feeds on bacteria

40

 

example of a unicellular algae

Volvox sp.

41

Volvox sp. 

unicellular algae 

photosynthetic, autotrophic, protist , eukarya

42

Example of multicellular algae

Spirogyra sp.

43

Spirogyra sp

multicellular photosynthetic algae, protist, eukaryotic autotrophs

44

Why are spirogyras different in color

due to different light absorbent pigments in their cells

45

example of a filamentous green algae 

spirogyra sp.

46

based on molecular evidence what is believed to have evolved from ancient species of green algae

Vascular plants

47

eg. of brown algae

Fucus

Large microscopic forms that attach to rocks

48

Fucus

brown algae

note: flotation bladders

 

49

What is the root like structure on the fucus 

HOLDFAST ( allow it to attach to rocks etc)

50

filamentous structure of fungus 

HYPHAE

51

Basidomycetes

belong to the taxon basidomycota

are mushroom producing fungi

52

Where are basidomyctes spores are borne 

between  the gills on the underside of hte mushroom cap

53

Ascomycetes

belonging to the taxon acscomycota ( sac fungi)

do not form mushroom

54

eg.s of ascomycetes

yeast

 

55

Rhizopus

(bread mole)

56

Bread mole 

Rhizopus

57

The white filament on rhizopus 

Hyphae

58

hyphae  collectively form

mycelium

59

The stalks on a bread mold ( rhizopus)

Sporangia

60

What is the purpose of the sporangia

these produce spores that germinate and grow into hyphae

The spores function in asexual reproduction

61

peziza

cup fungi

ascomycetes

62

the peziza reproducive structure is called

asci/ ascus

they produce 8 spores each 

63

Ascocarp

the fruitbody of ascomycetes

64

Example of basidomycetes

mushrooms

puffballs 

shelf fungi

65

mushrooms have either gills or -----

 on the underside for spores

pores

66

Algae on top 

fungal hyphae at the bottom

67

The 3 forms of lichen are 

1. crustose

foliose

3. fruitose